Monday, 5 August 2019


Today, We have written essay on Responsibilities of a modern scientist for class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 & 12. In This essay we will discuss the following topics - (1) Introduction – The modern age – Its complexities. (2) Various problems of the present times – populations problem, atomic war, backward regions, etc. (3) Modern scientist and their duties – how to preserve world peace? (4) Scientist, role in the changing of mental outlook. (5) Duty of the state – encouragement to scientists. (6) Conclusion – how can the scientists serve mankind?


Society is not what it was some hundred years ago. It has undergone many complex changes. Advancement of science and technology has contributed a lot to bring about this revolution. Swift means of transport and communication have brought the different parts of the world closer. Time and distance have lost their significance. The world has contracted. Thus the conditions prevailing in one part of the world have their impact on the other. The change is clearly visible in our ways of living. The agrarian Society is fast changing into an industrial one. Big industrial towns are coming into existence with their own multiple problems. In short changes have taken place in every walk of life and self-sufficient village economy has been replaced by highly complex, interdependent industrial economy.

Today, the world at large is suffering from various acute maladies. The population has become a serious headache to the thinkers and statesmen alike, Malthus, the great economist, was the first to predict the future as completely dark due to the ever soaring population and paucity of the means of subsistence, Various disputes between the different nations can be traced to the population problem, China, our neighbour, is constantly making encroachments into Our territory. It is due to its huge population which can-not be provided with the necessities of life. Hence it is trying to occupy parts of the Indian territory.

In fact, the world today is on the top of a steep precipice. A slightly wrong step is bound to provoke fatal. Everything will perish in the event of a nuclear war. Even the generations yet to be born will be badly affected. The future, and the rich heritage which the present generations have inherited from the past, is at stake. The scientists, more than the politicians, will be blamed, if Such a day befalls. It is the duty of the Scientists to do all they can to prevent the outbreak of the third World War.

Yet another problem facing the governments of the World today is the problem of poverty. Some of the countries are enormously rich, while others are extremely poor. This Sight of plenty and poverty existing side by side is an eye sore to many a people. This has to be removed. Many a social economic and political ills of the World will be removed, if Scientists provide the technical know-how and wherewithal for the development of the undeveloped parts of the world. In this respect, too, scientists can be of great service to mankind.

The gigantic problems which face the world today, make the responsibilities of modern scientists exceedingly heavy. It is only they, who can preserve world peace. They have always been imbued with an intense love for human welfare, So far their unceasing efforts have been successful in placing at the feet of the common man such comforts and luxuries as on even emperors and monarchs could not dream of. At the same time, the have placed such devastating weapons in the hands of politicians and ruler as threaten to annihilate the world itself. They have now to devote their energies to inventing means which will promote the happiness and welfare of mankind and save it from complete extinction. They must divert the use of nuclear energy to channels which would make this world a Safer and better place to live in. It is a very heavy responsibility, which has fallen on the shoulders of the modern scientists.

Mr. Luther, an eminent thinker, has rightly said, "Neither peace, nor freedom, can be made secure in a world of nuclear giants and moral pigmies This is the crux of the problem, Scientists have to bring about a change in the mental outlook of the people. Unless people give up their narrow affiliations of caste, creed, colour, sex, etc., the world will not be free from its numerous conflicts. This can be achieved only when scientists play their part sincerely.

To discharge such heavy responsibilities, scientists need proper environment. They must have freedom to carry on their research programmes. State encouragement in this matter should not make them their tools to achieve the ulterior motives. Scientists will be able to use their head and heart for the benefit of mankind only under healthy conditions.



Etiam at libero iaculis, mollis justo non, blandit augue. Vestibulum sit amet sodales est, a lacinia ex. Suspendisse vel enim sagittis, volutpat sem eget, condimentum sem.