Today, We are Publishing Long and Short Essays on Red fort in English for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 & 12. Students can ...

Today, We are Publishing Long and Short Essays on Red fort in English for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 & 12. Students can use these essays to complete their homework as well as in competitions.


Red Fort is one of the most popular Monuments of India. In this article, we provide you many essays on Red Fort. Students can select any Red Fort essay according to their need:

    Red Fort Essay in 200 words

    The Red Fort derives its name from the extensive use of red sandstone on the massive walls that surround the fort. Shah Jahan commissioned the construction of the Red Fort in 1638 when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi. Ustad Ahmad was chosen as the architect for construction of the royal palace. Construction began in the auspicious month of Muharram on 13 May 1638. Construction of the fort was supervised by Shah Jahan himself and was completed in 1648. The Red Fort was originally referred to as "Qila-i-Mubarak" (the blessed fort), because it was the residence of the royal family. Unlike the other Mughal forts, layout of the boundary walls of the Red Fort is not symmetrical so as to retain and integrate the older Salimgarh Fort. The fortress palace was an important focal point of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad (present day Old Delhi). The planning and aesthetics of the Red Fort represent the zenith of Mughal creativity which prevailed during the reign of emperor Shah Jahan. Aurangzeb, Shah Jahan's successor, added the Moti Masjid to the emperor's private quarters and constructed barbicans in front of the two main gates, which made the entrance route to the palace more circuitous.

    Red Fort Essay in 300 words 

    The History Club of our school decided to pay a visit tothe Red Fort. We went to Delhi in the summer vacation. We alighted the train at Old Delhi Railway Station. We hired tongas and reached the Red Fort. Entry to the Fort was bytickets. So, we bought one for each and entered the Fort.

    Just inside the gate, there is Nagar Khana. The imperial band played six times a day there. There were a few hugedrums. Ahead, there was Diwan-i-Aam Literally it means place for the common man. It was here that the emperor used to hold his Darbar. It was from this place that he used to carry public business. He even received officers there. In short, it was the main centre for conducting government business.

    After that is situated Diwan-i-khas. Literally, it means place for the select few persons. It was, therefore, meant purely for private audience. Only the ministers could go Nadir Shah. Even the Kohinoor was there. It is now in the crown of England.

    Beyond there is the Rang Mahal. Literally.It means the building meant for enjoyment and recreation. In this building,there are beautiful baths known as Hamams. They were meant for royal bath. A part of this building is known as Zenana. It is because the ladies of the palace lived there.

    The Moti Masjid was reserved for the king to say his prayers. The museum was no less fascinating. Many kinds of Mughal dresses and weapons are at display there. It attracted a big crowd. Every person seemed to be very anxious to see everything closely.

    There were all over lovely designs of paintings on the walls and the ceilings. The marble lotus was a great source of attraction. We came back after we were physically tired.

    The memory of the visit still lingers in my mind.I wonder how great Shah Jahan was. He appears to be very fond of getting unique buildings built. The Red Fort bears good evidence to it.

    Red Fort Essay in 400 words 

    The Red Fort is one of the great historical buildings of India. It was built by Emperor Shahjahan - the builder of the Taj Mahal. It is situated in old Deihi and is popularly called Lal Qila. It is a grand and imposing building. Within its walls lakhs of people can find place.

    The Red Fort reminds us of the glories of the Mughal period. It is built of red stone blocks. Every year on the 15th of August the Prime Minister of India addresses vast crowds in celebration of the Independence Day from the ramparts of the Red Fort. The Fort is visited frequently by sightseers throughout the year. The two main places of interest are the Diwan-e-Khas and the Diwan-e-Aam. In the former,the Mughal emperors held their Court or Darbar at which the nobility used to be present and important decisions were taken. In the latter,the King gave audience to the common people.

    When we try to recall the scenes associated with the Red Fort,our imagination is excited. The Red Fort saw for more than one hundred years the rising and falling fortunes of the Mughal dynasty. It recalls to our mind the pomp and show and the gorgeous display of Mughal power and of the very high degree of medieval India's civilization. It has been said about the Mughals that in their architecture they planned and built like giants and finished like jewellers. The Red Fort is a grand example of Mughal architecture. It staggers the imagination.Figures of Shahjahan, his queen, his princes and his two daughters, the figures of Aurangzeb and his royal family, the figures of the princes of Rajasthan, Maratha chiefs, pass before our eyes as we recall the scenes of more than two hundred years ago within the Red Fort. We also visualise in imagination the peacock throne, the Kohinoor, the invasion of Nadirshah and Adilshah, the decline of the Mughal empire,the attack of the Rohillas, the Sikhs and the Marathas on the Mughal power. And lastly we see with our mind's eye the last scene of the last act of the drama when Bahadur Shah Zafar fought a losing battle with the rising power of the East India Company. The great poet Galib recited some of his immortal poems within the walls of the Red Fort.The art and talent of India in the medieval times are represented by the Red Fort. The trial of Col.Shahnawaz and his fellow fighters in the Indian National Army of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was held in the Red Fort. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru appeared as a defence counsel.The trial of Godse the assassin of Mahatma Gandhi, was also held in the Red Fort.

    Red Fort Essay in 600 words 

    Red Fort is a very popular historical monument located in Delhi. The fort was constructed by Shah Jahan, the 5th Mughal emperor, when he wanted to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri designed the fort and it was constructed on the banks of Yamuna River whose water filed the moats of the fort. The construction of the fort was started in 1639 and completed in 1648. The fort was under the Mughals for 200 years. There are many monuments inside the fort which include mosque, palaces, halls, gates, and others. As the fort is built by using red sandstone so it is called Red Fort or Lal Qila.

    Dimensions of Red : Fort The fort is spread in an area of around 255 acres and the construction was based on Mughal architecture. The circumference of the fort is 2.41km while the walls on the river side has the height of 18m and on the city side 33m. The octagonal fort was built by using red sandstone and marbles. The buildings inside the fort like palaces, halls, mosque, and many others has floral decoration and double domes.

    Halls of  Red Fort
    Diwan-i-Aam : Diwan-i-Aam or the public audience hall was built by Shah Jahan and it was used to hear the problems of the public. His successors also used the hall for the same purpose. The front hall of the Diwan-i-Aam has entrance from three sides. The dimension of the hall is 100 feet x 60 feet. The hall is divided into 27 square bays with the help of columns that support the arches.

    The ceiling and columns of the hall is painted with gold while lime plaster is used to plaster the wall. Marble canopy can be found in the eastern wall. The canopy is covered by Bengal roof. The prime minister used to receive petition on a dais which was located below the throne. A gold plated railing separated the king from the courtiers.

    Diwan-i-Khas : Diwan-i-Khas or the private audience hall was built with white marble on which precious stones were carved. The ceiling was built using silver and now it is replaced by wood. Peacock throne was also installed here which was taken away by Nadir Shah.

    Gates Of Red Fort
    Lahori Gate : Lahori gate is named so because it faces the city of Lahore now in Pakistan. There are three storeys in the gate having arch panels of different shapes. Red sandstone is used to build the gate while the roofs of the pavilions are constructed with white stone. This is the main gate through which tourists can enter the fort. Flag is also hoisted on Independence Day and Republic Day every year.

    Delhi Gate : Delhi Gate or Dilli Darwaza is another entrance to the fort. This gate is made in the same style as the Lahori gate. It has three storeys and each storey has arch panels which are of different shapes. These shapes include square, rectangle, and cusp. Red sandstone is used to build the gate while the roof is built with white stone.

    Water Gate : Water Gate was built on the southeast walls of the fort. It is a minor gate and was built on the river bank. The river changed its course but the name of the gate remains the same.

    Red Fort under Aurungzeb : Shah Jahan was succeeded by his son Aurungzeb who added Pearl Mosque or Moti Masjid in the fort. He also built barbicans at the two main entrances of the fort. After the death of Aurungzeb, the glory of the fort began to decline.

    Red Fort after Independence : Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, hoisted the national flag at the Lahori gate of the fort in 1947. After independence, the fort was used as an army cantonment till 2003. After that it was given to Archaeological Survey of India. Today the fort is used to hoist the flags on 15th August and 26th January.



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