Tuesday, 16 July 2019



Space travel refers to the activity of traveling through space using any available craft such as a space shuttle. The space has always attracted man. Man has looked up to the sky in wonder and marvel. Efforts have been made from ancient times to unravel its mysteries. The modern age is rightly called the space age. It began with the launch of the Sputniks by Russia in 1957. In 1958, America too sent its satellites into the space. These researches have revealed many new facts about the earth, the solar system, planets and other heavenly bodies.

Yuri Gagarin was the first man to travel into the space. It happened on 12 April, 1961. The first woman to go into space was also a Russian. The landing on the Moon was a historical achievement. The American astronauts, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, stormed into history by landing on the moon on 21 July, 1969. They reached there on board the space ship Apollo- 11 in the four-legged Lunar Module. Since then 12 American astronauts have walked on the surface of the moon. They have brought with them 380 kg of rock samples from there.

In 1970, Russia landed an unmanned Luna-17 on the moon. The US Pioneer- 10 was the first space ship to fly past the Jupiter. It sent many close pictures of the planet. These were followed by the launch of sky-labs. The Russian space-station Mir was launched in 1986. It served for twenty long years, when it was finally abandoned in 2007. Docking, space-walking and space-repairs have own become common.

The launch of space shuttles has revolutionized space travel and exploration. A space shuttle can be re-used a number of times like an aeroplane. It is also very economical. The first space shuttle was launched in 1976 by the US. Its name was Enterprise.

The first Indian to go into the space was Rakesh Sharma. He was sent into space on 13 April, 1984 onboard a Russian space ship, Soyuz-Recently Kalpana Chawla was sent into space on 19 November, 1997. This India-born astronaut went onboard the space shuttle Columbia. She was born in Karnal (Haryana). Thus, she became the first Indian woman to travel in space. Unfortunately, she was killed when she was coming back from the space the next time along with six other astronauts. At present, Sunita Williams is another woman of Indian origin who has gone into the space.

India’s space achievements have also been spectacular. It has taken long strides in space research. The first Indian satellite was launched in April 1975. It was named Aryabhatta. Since then India has launched many INSAT satellites successfully. The prestigious Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) was launched recently on 29 September 1997. The vehicle placed the IRS-ID satellite in the orbit successfully.

The most spectacular achievement of India was achieved in the year 2008 when the moon mission Chandrayan-1 was successfully launched. India has plans to send a manned mission to the moon in near future. In addition to a number of weather and communication satellites, India has in the space many other types of satellites, including one meant for surveillance.

Now, the space exploration has begun on the surface of the planet Mars with the landing of America’s unmanned probe vehicle. The future holds many space wonders and achievements. Now, we can expect space travel from one planet to another in future.  



Etiam at libero iaculis, mollis justo non, blandit augue. Vestibulum sit amet sodales est, a lacinia ex. Suspendisse vel enim sagittis, volutpat sem eget, condimentum sem.