Thursday, 20 June 2019

Essay on Subhash Chandra Bose in 400 words

Essay on Subhash Chandra Bose in 400 words

Essay on Subhash Chandra Bose in 400 words
Subhash Chandra Bose, popularly called Netaji, was born in 1897 at Cuttack in Orissa. He pursued higher studies in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and at the Cambridge University, after which he passed the Indian Civil Service (ICS) Examination in England. But he did not join the ICS. He returned home to join the Non-Cooperation Movement. From then onwards, Subhash Chandra Bose became an active member of the Congress. He was made the Chief Executive Officer of the Calcutta Corporation in 1924. It was during his association with Congress volunteers at the Congress session in Calcutta that communism had its impact n him. As a result, he developed thoughts and ideas of his own which were unsupportive of Gandhi’s programmes.

Subhash Chandra Bose, despite Gandhi’s opposition, was elected as the Congress President in 1938 at Haripur and then in 1939 at Tripuri. In 1938, He declared without any fear that the Indian freedom struggle ought to synchronise with the World War at the time. Owing to political differences, he resigned from the Congress in 1939. After founding the Forward Bloc and the Kisan Sabha, he left India in 1941 to intensify the freedom struggle by carrying out his revolutionary programmes. 

He sought the support of the Soviet Union in India’s struggle and a meeting with Adolf Hitler. Thus, he made a major impact on the Indian nationalist movement with his reorganization of the Indian National Army (INA) in 1943. The INA, better known as Azad Hind Fauj, was founded in 1942 by Captain Mohan and others with the support of Japan, but had been left as good as dead.

Subhash Chandra Bose revived the Azad Hind Fauj. He enlisted 60,000 Indian prisoners in Burma, Malaya and other places as its soldiers. The organisation was formed to make the Indian freedom struggle an international issue by using violent means in those violent times. He coined the slogans ‘Dilli Chalo’ and ‘Jai Hind’, which continue to inspire the patriotic feelings of the Indians even today. And in those days, these slogans proved to be the foundation stone of the organisation.

As Supreme Commander of the Azad Hind Fauj, Subhash Chandra Bose established a provisional Government at Singapore. The organisation was successful only in its initial phases, but what it achieved was unprecedented. It succeeded in bringing together people belonging to different castes, religions and cultures together under one common flag.

It remains a mystery about Subhash Chandra Bose’s death. It is commonly said that he died in a plane crash in 1945; however, there are various speculations, and for now, nothing can be said with surety.

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