Thursday, 16 May 2019

Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 at Allahabad. His ancestors came from Kashmir and enjoyed the honorific of Pandit, meaning ‘Man of Letters’. He did not attend any school in India. Whatever education he acquired was due the efforts of English governesses employed by his father to mend him into a gentleman.

Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Jawaharlal Nehru left for England in 1905 and joined Harrow. He always felt a misfit there. He was transferred to Trinity College, Cambridge. There he studied chemistry, geology and botany. He had an equal interest for history, literature, politics and economics. When he returned to India, he behaved like a gentleman, but the condition of his motherland and her people moved him. He returned to India to discover India. During this time he was influenced by the Satyagraha of Gandhiji.

Jawaharlal Nehru married Kamala on February 8, 1916, the day of Basant Panchami. A daughter was born to them on November, 19, 1917 who was named Indira, who later became the prime minister of India. 

It was in 1916 that Jawaharlal Nehru met Gandhiji for the first time, but he was not much impressed by him. He became the joint secretary of the Home Rule League. However, in 1919 after the occurrence of the Jalianwala Bagh tragedy brought the two leaders together and in it he saw a great opportunity to serve the motherland. In 1921, he became completely Gandhist with the Gandhi topi. It was also the year of confrontation with the British. He was arrested this year because he was becoming a popular leader and the government considered him a great threat. With every passing day he continued to adorn the role of a leader with massive support from the common men. He was considered to be a man of superior qualities. Many of them addressed him as the ‘prince’.

In 1929, Motilal Nehru handed over the charge of the Presidentship of the All India Congress Committee to Jawaharlal Nehru, from a father to a son. Jawaharlal continued to be imprisoned and freed during his struggle for independence. He passed a total of 3262 days in various prisons.

An interim Cabinet was formed under him in September 1946. He assumed the post of the Prime Minister of India on August 15, 1947 and continued on this post until his death on May 27, 1964.

Jawaharlal Nehru was born in a country under the shackles of the British. He left no stone unturned to bring India to kiss her ‘tryst with destiny’. He continued to serve India even after independence and steered India toward economic freedom.

Jawaharlal Nehru was a man of letter. He was written many books which are world famous – Glimpses of the World History, The Unity of India, A Bunch of Old Letters and of course, the Discovery of India. The speeches the delivered on various occasions have great literary value. His writings revealed that he was a great statesman, scholar, administrator, historian, humanist and politician. He wanted Ind9a to adore the international outlook so that her culture was made compatible with that of the international community because the world was increasingly becoming a global village.

Jawaharlal Nehru had a scientific outlook and approach. He foresaw that India could not progress without embracing science in everyday life. It was the reason that he wanted scientists, technocrats and others to come forward in the service of the Indians even when proper facilities could not be provided because of lack of funds. He said that they should be instrumental in developing the required infrastructure that was so necessary for the leap of the nation to the height of scientific achievements. It was the reason that he went for industrial revolution. He was scientific and modern in his outlook. He also understood the complexities of the India situation and had clear vision as to how to adopt the latest scientific development into the country to achieve optimum results. The heavy industries he went for in the initial period of independence are a witness to his vision.

Jawaharlal Nehru understood properly that the best suited option for India was a mixture of capitalist and socialism, so he went for mixed economy. It was instrumental in creating the vast infrastructure, based on which we can taste the fruits of development today, though presently, the free economy is preferred. This stage would not have been achieved without his emphasis in the beginning.

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