Thursday, 23 May 2019



In this article, we are providing Essay on Communal Riots in India. In this essay you will get to know why these communal violence happen and how to avoit it.

A number of diverse communities live in India and they present an atmosphere of communal harmony to a large extent. People belonging to different communities live together, work together and help one another in times of need. There hardly exist any superficial differences. The festivals of any community are the occasions for celebration by all communities, be it Diwali, Holi, Christmas or Baisakhi. They all come to the defence of the country together and are opposed to communal and fundamental forces. 

However, there are instances when a section of people work for their selfish interests and political ambitions and try to put various communities on a platform of hatred and jealousy. Such people instigate communal passions to satisfy their own lust for power. The seeds of hatred sowed by these people have wreaked havoc on the communal fabric of the country. 

If we go into the history of the communal riots in India, we find that various communities lived in complete harmony before independence, though there were some causes of mistrust, but it had never been so distressing. They had fought against the Mughals and British together. The division of the country into India and Pakistan brought about communal lashings that continues to this day. In the present context, the communal riots involve mainly the majority Hindu community and the largest minority, the Muslim community. 

From the incidences of the communal riots, we can see that these riots have nothing to do with religious antagonism. Nor have they ever clashed in the course of infringement of their religious practices by one another. 

The greatest disservice to communal harmony was done by the British who adopted the policy of ‘divide and rule’ and brought the two major communities on the collision course. The British created false communal issues and tensions for this purpose. Political leaders recognise the malaise of communal tension but they have chosen to look to the other side for their side for their own selfish gains. 

The most dreadful incidence of communal backlash was observed in 1947 when India gained independence at the cost of being divided into two parts. It was this occasion that the wave of communal riots in the entire sub-continent broke out and it became so bitter due to the migration of the people on either side of the border. This feature, however, continues even today, due to chiefly partisan outlook of the government in the name of secularism. Police and intelligence have not only miserably failed in controlling communal disturbances but also they have worsened the situation due to their inaction, lack of sympathy and indifference. The police intervenes only when the situation has escalated to dangerous proportions. Curfew is imposed for some time I the affected and riot-prone areas, some arrests are made and the matter is Disposed off casually. No follow up action is taken against the actual miscreants. 

The police and other government officers continue to be indifferent to the needs of the masses and most of the time are busy serving their political masters for their selfish interests I plum postings and other benefits. The very machinery which is entrusted with the job of maintaining peace and communal harmony turns its back upon this grave problem. Every time a communal problem arises, some lame excuse is given and some black sheep is punished, but not the actual miscreants and criminals. 

It also shows that the existing laws are inadequate and ineffective. The government should undertake a through study of the situation. The miscreants and their political harbourers must be dealt with severely even if it means amendment to existing laws. A communal riot is not a legal problem alone, it is a different problem altogether. 

It's feels good to hear about such incidences where people have save the lives and property of the targeted community during communal riots. Such incidents continue to infuse new life and strengthen the bonds among various communities. They strengthen national integration. It also shows that communal differences among various communities are not as sharp as they are made out to be. The communal riots can be eliminated with adequate administrative and police support, and it would be all the better if the cooperation of the political leaders is secured. 



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