Friday, 8 March 2019

Essay on Strikes and lock outs : Great disturbance in Day-to-Day life

Essay on Strikes and lock outs : Great disturbance in Day-to-Day life

Introduction- Strikes and lockouts are common things today. They are part of industrial life. A lockout is a temporary work stoppage or denial of employment initiated by the management of a company during a labor dispute. That is different from a strike in which employees refuse to work. It is said strike is a revolution, lock out is counter revolution" workers go on strike for higher wages. Employers resort to lock-out as counter measure.

Difference between Lockouts and strike : The difference between a strike and a lockout is that a strike is when employees refuse to work for their employer in the hopes of getting additional compensation or better working conditions, whereas a lockout is when an employer temporarily denies employment to the employees.

THE REASONS BEHIND STRIKES
  • Dispute relating to minimum wages.
  • Salary and incentive issues.
  • Increment is not up to the performance.
  • Dissatisfaction with the policies of the company.
  • Hours of work and interval timings.
  • Holidays and leaves with pay.
  • Bonus, Provident Fund, and gratuity.
  • Withdrawal of any facility or allowance.
  • Wrongful dismissal of workmen.

THE REASONS BEHIND THE LOCKOUTS 
  • Disputes or clashes in between workers and the management.
  • Unrest, disputes or clashes in between workers and workers.
  • Illegal strikes, regular strikes or continuous strikes by workers may lead to lockout of factory or industry.
  • External environmental disturbance due to unstable governments, may lead to lockouts of factories or industries.
  • Continuous or accumulated financial losses of  factory or industry, may lead to opt lockout by the management. 
  • Maybe lockout, if any company involves in any fraudulent or illegal activities.
  • Failure in maintaining proper industrial relations, industrial peace and harmony.

DISADVANTAGES OF STRIKE TO WORKERS 
1.LOSS OF WAGES : Employees do not work when they are on strike, hence no income generation on their side but simply just small allowances from the union. 
2.PHYSICAL INJURY OR DEATH : During strikes normally people’s live are at risk, a strike often turns into violent protests and people get injured. The injuries may become so serious that results to loss of lives. 
3.ADVERSE EFFECT ON CARRIER : A strike has an impact on employee’s carrier, employees may be perceived differently with other employers due to the strike. A strike can also lead to potential job losses. 
4.Poor relationship between employee and employer 5.Economic losses

DISADVANTAGES OF STRIKES TO EMPLOYER 
  • Damages to machines and equipments 
  • It impacts the image of the company 
  • Poor relationship between employer and employee affect the productivity of employees Decreased profit since there is no production 
  • Burden of fixed expenses
HOW TO MINIMISE THE DAMAGE CAUSED BY A STRIKE : Employees should allow the business to continue to run in order to avert the likelihood of a closure that could result in job losses. Employers should use the services of a reputable labour broker who can provide alternative labour during the strike. Both parties should behave in a civil and professional manner towards each other.

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