Tuesday, 5 March 2019

Essay on The global right wing politics, then and now


Essay on The global right wing politics, then and now 


The left-right political system is a system of classifying political positions, ideologies and parties. Left-wing politics and right-wing politics are often opposed to each other, although a particular individual or group may support a left-wing idea on one matter and a right-wing idea on another and at some point may overlap and be considered either left or right-wing depending on the ideology. The term right and left-wing originated in France, where the left has been called "the party of movement" and the Right "the party of order. The intermediate position is called centrism and a person with such a position is a moderate or centrist.

Generally, the left-wing is characterized by an emphasis on concept such as freedom, equality, fraternity, rights, progress, reform, and internationalism, while the right wing is characterized by an emphasis on ideas such as authority, hierarchy, order, duty, tradition, reaction and nationalism. The left is considered as anarchists, communists, socialists and social democrats. Movements for racial equality are also usually related to left-wing organizations. Trade unionism is also associated with the left.

Left and Right-wing beliefs

Left-wing beliefs are usually progressive in nature. They believe in future, support those who cannot support themselves, and are idealist and believe in equality. People who are left-wing believe in taxation to redistribute opportunity and wealth. Ideas like national health services and job seekers allowance are fundamentally left-wing ideas. They believe in equality.

Right-wings believe in tradition, equity, survival of the fittest, and economic freedom. They think that business shouldn't be regulated, and that we should all look after ourselves. Right wing people believe they shouldn't have to pay for someone else's education or health service. They believe in freedom to succeed over equality. Left and right-wing politics in India

India has both right and left-wing political parties. BJP, Shiv Sena, Maharashtra Navnirman Sena, Shiromani Akali Dal, etc. are right wing parties. Congress, Left Front, AAP, AIDMK, etc. are left-wing parties. The right wing political parties use religion in politics. They take up the issue of religion and highlight it to win elections or people's trust. The term "liberal” is associated with the Congress Party, usually referring to social liberalism and a mixed capitalist and socialist economy. Meanwhile, "conservative" is used to tag the BJP. They give a lot of stress on moral values, national symbols, cultural nationalism, etc. The Congress government was inclined towards left because of large number of welfare and entitlement programs like MNREGA, FSB, Right to education, etc.

India under BJP government witnessed several events that were inspired by right-wing ideology BJP government in Uttar Pradesh launched anti-Romeo squads to control the harassment of women A section of people believed that the government aimed to attack Love Jihad through its anti-Romeo squad policy. Some BJP members had earlier pointed that young Muslim boys and men target young girls belonging to non-Muslim communities for conversion to Islam by feigning love. BJP's Hindutva agenda was implemented in the name of saving cows from getting slaughtered. Several violent incidents took place in the country where people from a particular community were killed on the ground that they killed cows. Mohd Akhlaq in Dadri and Pehlu Khan in Alwar were killed by cow vigilant groups who believed that they were taking cows to be slaughtered. Ban on illegal cow slaughterhouses in Uttar Pradesh was also seen as an attempt to promote the Hindutva agenda by BJP government. Right-wing organization RSS strongly opposes Valentine celebration in India as they think it dilutes the Indian culture and promotes the Western culture.

Is the world becoming more right-wing?

The world seems to be inclining towards right wing ideology. In Great Britain, the fascist BNP gained 10% of the vote in the 2010 general election. Their spiritual successors, UKIP, a rightwing party, gained 13% votes in 2015. The combined success of these parties, particularly UKIP, forced the previously moderate conservative party to change tact and pander the anti-immigration globalization sentiments to the working class. In France, as a result of a series of mortifying terrorist attacks. Marine Le Pen and her National Front Party could now viably form a government. All across Europe, in fact, far right parties (Golden Dawn, Freedom Party) that would never have had a chance 10 years ago are rising to prominence and popular support. For the first time in British political history, a far-right political movement, fuelled by Islam phobia and nativism, has won in a national poll, Brexit.

Right-wing groups gaining more control around the world

Lately right-of-centre governments have been in power in the world's major democracies like India, Britain, Germany and Japan; similar trends are seen across the United States, Europe and South America. Venezuela and Poland are the latest countries to lurch politically right-wards. For the first time in 17 years, Venezuela's right-wing opposition wins the majority of the country's National Assembly.

Great Britain has had a right-wing conservative government since May 2010. It is shaping up as the most right-wing Conservative government when Margaret Thatcher succeeded the Callaghan administration. The anti-Islamist group English Defense League (EDL) started to rise in popularity after 2010 appealing to nationalist sentiments on a cultural rather than explicitly racial basis. Rightwing Populist Party UK Independence Party (UKIP) has also started gaining popularity. In 2011, the far-right, anti-Islamist party Britain First was formed by former members of the BNP. Britain

First campaigns primarily against immigration, pluralism and what it sees as the Islamisation of the United Kingdom, and advocates the preservation of traditional British culture.

Germany's Angela Merkel is a right wing supporter. She completed 10 years in office. Japan's right-of-centre Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will complete his second term. He is Japan's most ideological post-war prime minister, pushing right-wing policies on numerous fronts that trample on post-war norms and values. There was a shift away from interest-based politics to ideology-based mobilization in his party Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). France is seeing a huge wave in favor of right-wing parties. Marine Le Pen, the leader of France's National Front (FN), is inclined towards right-wing politics. She aims at massive reduction in legal trek. She strongly opposes illegal immigrants. She also framed her anti-Islam policies. The US President Donald Trump believes in right wing credo. His several anti-Islamic activities such as travel ban on six Muslim nations hit the US relation with the Arab world. And more recently, in Myanmar, the security operation targeting Rohingya Muslims seems to be an example of ethnic cleansing. More than 300,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled to Bangladesh since violence erupted there in August 2017. The Rohingya, a stateless mostly Muslim minority in Buddhist-majority Rakhine, have long experienced persecution in Myanmar, which the government says they are illegal immigrants.

The political ideology should be based on social and economic development. The ideology needs to restore cultural and religious harmony in the society. The actions of right-wing politics reflect bigotry towards a particular community. It is yet to be seen where the right or left-wing take the world.

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