Thursday, 7 March 2019

Essay on Democracy in India in English

Essay on Democracy in India in English

Introduction- India is a democratic country. It is the biggest democracy in the world. Democracy is the rule of the people. It is government of the people, for the people, by the people. So people’s will is supreme in democracy. The government is run by the elected representative of the people sitting in parliament. The constitution defines the power of the government.

Democracy and its functioning- The proper functioning of democracy depends upon the electoral system. People elect their representative. They are elected for a period of five years. But there are certain defects in this type of system. Voters are in a large number. Elections are costly affairs. We require both men and material to fight election so only rich political party can set up candidates. The result is that wealthy classes and parties enjoy undue advantages. At times several other factors like castes and religions play an important part in elections. Corruption, booth capturing and fears play an important part in elections today. Elections are not free and fair in some parts of the country.

Success of Democracy- However democracy is the best form of government. But the success of democracy depends upon free election on some principles. Money should not play an undue part in holding elections. Voters should not be terrorized. Booths should not be captured. The elements of castes and religions should not be deciding factors in electing candidates. The future of democracy in India is bright though it faces some problems at times. But we should not forget in India democracy faces many dangers. The ignorance of the masses is the greatest danger then, there is the rigid caste system. People vote only for the candidate of their caste. Our people care little for their duties. They always shout for more rights. But for the success of democracy duties are more important than rights.

Causes that weakened the country- Linguistic quarrels have weakened the country violent trends are visible in every sphere. Terrorism is on the increase. But violence and democracy do not go together. Democracy implies that problems and difference should be solved peacefully. Violence shows lack of faith in democracy.

Save democracy- It becomes necessary to safeguard democracy against all these dangers. There has been misuse of democracy as in emergency. But the experience with democracy shows that Indian people are democratic by nature. But they must be educated and taught that freedom in democracy does not mean indiscipline. Violence is the very negation of democracy. Rights and duties are two sides of same coin. Education in democracy is essential for its success.

Conclusion- A stage has reached when no single party is able to get absolute majesty in the centre and in some states as well. Regional parties are dominating the scene and the parties are forming coalition, their one point program being either to secure power or to keep a particular party out of office by any means, fair or foul. Corruption and bribery has become order of the day. The two party systems, as England and other democracies, have not get evolved in India violent incidents have been noticeable for sometimes in different parts of the country. Shortly after the elections in 1971, there was a demand for the dissolution of the state legislates in Gujarat and the functioning of the government was made impossible. This very pattern of violent agitation was repeated in Bihar. Such violent agitations show a lack of faith in democracy. Prices rose high and corruption was widespread. It is for all these reasons that someone has rightly said that in India, Democracy means

“The Government of the chair, by the chair and for the chair”


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