Saturday, 9 February 2019

jawaharlal nehru essay with headings

Essay on Jawahar Lal Nehru with Headings

Introduction- Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian statesman who the first and longest was serving Prime Minister of India. Jawahar Lal Nehru was one of the leading figures in Indian Independence Movement. Jawaharlal Nehru was the son of wealthy barrister and politician Motilal Nehru. He was one of the principal leaders of India's Independence Movement in the 1930s and 1940s. Nehru established parliamentary government and became noted for his "neutra list" policies in foreign affairs.

Early Life- Jawaharlal Nehru was born to Motilal Nehru and Swaroop Rani in a Kashmir Pandit family in Allahabad, U.P. His date of birth was 14 November, 1889. He was educated in India and Britain. In England, he attended the independent boy's school Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge. During his time in Britain, Nehru was also known as Joe Nehru.
On 7 February 1916, Nehru married sixteen year old Kamala Kaul. In the first year of the marriage Kamala gave birth to their only child, Indira Priyadarshini Nehru raised the flag of Independent India in New Delhi on 15 August, 1947, the day India achieved Independence. He was the first Prime Minister of Free India. His daughter India Gandhi and grandson Rajiv Gandhi also served as Prime Minister of India.
Political Career- Teen Murti Bhavan, Nehru's residence as Prime Minister, now a museum in his memory. Nehru's appreciate of the virtues of parliamentary democracy, secularism and liberalism Nehru reluctantly supported the partition of India according to a plan released by the British on 3 June 19. In 1918, he was selected member for congress committee. He went to jail many times. He spends more than 9 years in Jail. In 1938, he was elected president of national planning committee. In 1945, he joined 'Shimla Conference'. In 1947, he takes oath for Prime Minister's position. He died in 27 May, 1964.
Nehru's Economic Policies- Nehru Presided over the introduction of a modified, Indian version of state planning and control over the economy. Creating the Planning Commission of India, Nehru drew up the first five-year plan in 1951. Nehru envisaged a mixed economy in which the government would manage strategic industries such as mining, electricity and heavy industries. While encouraging the construction of large dams, irrigation works and the generations of hydroelectricity, Nehru also launched India’s program to harness nuclear energy.

His Foreign Policy- On the International scene, Nehru was a champion of pacifism and a strong supporter of the United Nations. He pioneered the policy of non alignment. Nehru led newly independent India from 1947 to 1964, during its first year of freedom from British rule. Both the United States and the Soviet Union competed to make India an ally throughout the cold war.
Education and Social Reform-Jawaharlal Nehru was a passionate advocate of education for India's children and youth, believing it essential for India's future progress. He established many institutions of higher learning, including AIIMS, IIT, IIM and NIT. Nehru also launched initiatives such as the provision of free milk and meals to children in order to fight malnutrition. Nehru also championed secularism and religious harmony increasing the representation of minorities in government.

Conclusion- Nehru was a charismatic and radical leader, advocating complete independence for India from the British Empire. Throughout his life, Nehru was also an advocate for Fabian socialism and the public sector as the means by which long standing challenges of economic development could be addressed by poorer nations. Nehru was an extraordinary man. He was a first Prime Minister of India, emperor of nation's people, helmsman of congress and forerunner of peace.

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