Wednesday, 6 February 2019

Essay on Indira Gandhi in 500 words with Conclusion

Essay on Indira Gandhi in 500 words with Conclusion

Essay on Indira Gandhi
Introduction- Indira Gandhi's full name was Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi. She was an Indian Politician and the leader of the Indian National Congress. She was the third Prime Minister of the Republic of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984. Indira Gandhi was the first female Prime Minister to hold the office and remained as the world's longest serving female Prime Minister as of 2011.

Early Life- Indira Gandhi was born on 19 November 1917 into the politically influential Nehru family. Indira Gandhi's father was Jawahar Lal Nehru and her mother was Kamala Nehru. Her grandfather Motilal Nehru was a prominent Indian nationalist leader. Indira gained the surname "Gandhi" by her marriage to Feroze Gandhi. In 1934-35 after finishing school, Indira joined Shantiniketan, a school set up by Rabindranath Tagore who gave her the name 'Priyadarshini'. She went to England and sat for the university of Oxford entrance examination but she failed. During this time, she frequently met Feroze Gandhi, whom she knew from Allahabad, and who was studying at the London School of Economics. She married him in 1942.
In the 1950's she served her father unofficially as a personal assistant during his tenure as the first Prime Minister during the decisive victory of East Pakistan over Pakistan in 1971 war an creation of an independent Bangladesh. She imposed a state of emergency in 1975. She was assassinated on 31st October, 1984 in retaliation for this operation by her bodyguard.

Legislative Career- When Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister in 1966; the Congress was split in two fractions, the socialists led by Gandhi and the conservatives led by Morarji Desai. The integral problems showed in the 1967 election where the Congress lost nearly 60 seats winning 297 seats in the 545 seat Lok Sabha. She ruled with support from socialist and communist Parties for the next two years. In the same year, in July 1969 she nationalized banks.

Her foreign policy- Indira Gandhi invited the late Pakistani President zulfikar Ali Bhutto to Shimla for a week long summit after the near failure of the talks. The two heads of state eventually signed the Shimla Agreement, which bound the two countries to resolve the Kashmir dispute by negotiations and peaceful means. She was criticized by some for not making the line of control (LOC).
Nuclear Weapon Program- A national nuclear program was started by Indira Gandhi in 1967. In 1974, India successfully conducted an underground nuclear test near the desert village of Pokhran in Rajasthan. Describing the test as for peaceful purposes India became the world's then youngest nuclear power.

Conclusion- She was the first lady Prime Minister of free India. She was the example of Ideal lady. She performed great task for India and Public welfare. She was also the only Indian Prime Minister to have declared a state of emergency in order to 'rule by decree' and the only Indian Prime Minister to have been imprisoned after holding that office. She was a charming personality.



Etiam at libero iaculis, mollis justo non, blandit augue. Vestibulum sit amet sodales est, a lacinia ex. Suspendisse vel enim sagittis, volutpat sem eget, condimentum sem.