Thursday, 27 December 2018

Essay on EQ vs IQ - What You Really Need to Succeed – EQ or IQ ?

Essay on EQ vs IQ - What You Really Need to Succeed – EQ or IQ ?

EQ vs IQ
Research has suggested that some people are more successful in their careers than others even when they have had equal educational and experiential opportunities. One explanation for these disparities may relate to differences between intellectual intelligence (IQ) and emotional intelligence (EQ). IQ measures academic competencies or one's ability to use knowledge in making decisions and adapting to new situations. On the other hand, EQ is a measure of emotional and social competencies or one's ability to identify emotional expressions in one and others; although both can be improved through training and changed over time. EQ is distinct from IQ in a sense that it is one's ability to regulate emotions in response to environmental stimuli. EQ has been popularized as a learned skill that is a better predictor of life success than intellectual attainment or technical ability.

This anomaly threw a massive wrench into what many people had always assumed was the sole source of success - IQ. Decades of research now point to emotional intelligence as the critical factor that sets star performers apart from the rest of the pack. Emotional intelligence is that "Unique Something" in each of us that is a bit intangible. It affects how we manage behavior, navigate social complexities, and make personal decisions that achieve positive results.

Emotional Quotient (EQ), also called Emotional Intelligence Quotient, is a measurement of a person's ability to monitor his or her emotions, to cope with pressures and demands, and to control his or her thoughts and actions. The ability to assess and affect situations and relationships with other people also plays a role in emotional intelligence. This measurement is intended to be a tool that is similar to intelligence quotient (IQ), which is a measurement of a person's intellect.

Emotional intelligence taps into a fundamental element of human behavior that is distinct from the intellect. There is no known connection between IQ and emotional intelligence; one simply can't predict emotional intelligence based on how smart someone is. Intelligence is the ability to learn, and it's the same at age 15 as it is at age 50. Emotional intelligence, on the other hand, is a flexible set of skills that can be acquired and improved with practice. Although some people are naturally more emotionally intelligent than others, one can develop high emotional intelligence even if it's not innate.

When psychologists began to write and think about intelligence, they focused on cognitive aspects, such as memory and problem-solving. However, there were researchers who recognized early that the non-cognitive aspects were also important. For instance, David Wechsler defined intelligence as "the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with his environment" He referred to non-intellective as well as intellective elements, by which he meant affective, personal, and social factors. Furthermore, Wechsler was proposing that the non-intellective abilities are essential for predicting one's ability to succeed in life.

Wechsler was not the only researcher who saw non-cognitive aspects of intelligence to be important for adaptation and success. Robert Thorndike was writing about "social intelligence" in the late thirties. Unfortunately, the work of these early pioneers was largely forgotten or overlooked until 1983 when Howard Gardner began to write about "multiple intelligence.”

Published a book called Frames of Mind in which he argued that the dominant forms of intelligence associated with linguistic, logical and mathematical ability should be supplemented by five (later seven) others. The new intelligence included (as well as musical, spatial and kinaesthetic intelligences), intrapersonal intelligence. Interpersonal intelligence was defined as the ability to understand people, what motivates them, how they work, how to work cooperatively with them'; while intrapersonal intelligence involved access to one's own feeling life, and the capacity to form an accurate, veridical model of oneself, and to be able to use that model to operate effectively in life.’

For decades, researchers studied the reasons why a high IQ does not necessarily guarantee success in the classroom or the boardroom. By the 1980s, psychologists and biologists, among others, were focusing on the important role other skill sets - needed to process emotional information - played in promoting worldly success, leadership, personal fulfillment and happy relationships.

In 1990, psychologists John Mayer and Peter Salvoes theorized that a unitary intelligence underlay those other skill sets. They coined the term, emotional intelligence, which they broke down into four "branches": 
1. Perceiving Emotions: The first step in understanding emotions, to accurately perceive them, it involves understanding nonverbal signals such as body language and facial expressions.

2. Reasoning with Emotions: The next step involves the use of emotions to promote thinking and cognitive activity which help prioritize what we pay attention and react to.

3. Understanding Emotions: The emotions that we perceive can carry a wide variety of meanings. If someone is expressing angry emotions, the observer must interpret the cause of their anger and what it might mean.

4. Managing Emotions: The ability to manage emotions effectively is a key part of emotional intelligence. Regulating emotions, responding appropriately and responding to the emotions of others are all important aspect of emotional management.

As a science reporter for the New York Times, Daniel Goldman was exposed to Mayer's and Salve’s work and took the concept of emotional intelligence a step further; in his eponymous "ok from 1995, he argued that existing definitions of intelligence needed to be reworked. IQ was still important, but intellect alone was no guarantee of adeptness in identifying one's own emotions or the emotional expressions of others. It took a special kind of intelligence, Goldman said to process emotional information and utilize it effectively - whether to facilitate personal decisions, to resolve conflicts or to motivate oneself and others.

Goldman broadened Mayer's and Salve’s four-branch system to incorporate five essential elements of emotional intelligence or EQ:

1. Self Awareness: Self-awareness means having a deep understanding of one's emotion, strengths, weaknesses, needs, and drives. People with strong self-awareness are neither overly critical nor unrealistically hopeful. Rather, they are honest - with themselves and with others. People who have a high degree of self-awareness recognize how their feelings affect them, other people, and their job performance.

2. Self-Regulation: Controlling one's impulses- instead of being quick to react rashly, one can reign in the emotions and think before responding. It can also be defined as extrinsic and intrinsic processes responsible for monitoring, evaluating, and modifying emotional reactions.

3. Motivation: A passion to work for internal reasons that go beyond money and status-which are external rewards such as an inner vision of what is important in life; a joy in doing something, curiosity in learning, a flow that comes with being immersed in an activity; a propensity to pursue goals with energy and persistence.

4. Empathy: The ability to understand the emotional makeup of other people; a skill in treating people according to their emotional reactions. This is only possible when one has achieved self-awareness - as one cannot understand others until they understand themselves.

5. Social Skills: Identifying social cues to establish common ground manage relationships and build networks. Social skill, rather, is friendliness with a purpose: moving people in the direction one desires, whether that's agreement on a new marketing strategy or enthusiasm about a new product.

These qualities may sound "soft" and unbusiness like, but Goldman found direct ties between emotional intelligence and measurable business results.

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