Wednesday, 26 December 2018

Three Pillars of a Pluralist Society : Goodwill, Tolerance and Brotherhood

Three Pillars of a Pluralist Society : Goodwill, Tolerance and Brotherhood

“A Secure pluralistic society requires communities that are educated and confident both in the identity and depth of their own traditions and in those of their neighbors.” – Aga Khan

Three Pillars of a Pluralist Society
Any society of the world consists of people, individual, community, race or groups having different beliefs, faith, ideologies, and views. For pluralist society it is not only the matter of Los beliefs, faith, or ideologies, but also the matter or choice of food they eat, choice of clothes they wear and how to wear, types of drinks, structure of houses, living style, language, customs, practices - and many other such things. Earlier it was easy for a society to continue with limited ideas, thought and views because there was less migration. But in the time of globalization and concept of global village; it is not possible for any society to sustain with particular or limited specific practices or views, and so constitute a pluralist society. For this pluralist society, people and society have to be tolerant and have goodwill towards other views, faith and culture to maintain the brotherhood of the society.

Over the period of time, it is seen that people are fighting for their possessions; many a time they are intolerant towards other's culture, language, food, belief and many such other things. In the view of creating influence and hegemony, they start walking on the path of inhuman activities like they threaten others, loot them, and kill them. They try to harm each other to the extent they can. They fill their souls and hearts with negativity for others. There are numerous examples of intolerance and un-acceptance. Here are some examples

(a) Racial discrimination- black people are treated in-humanitarian ways by white people across the globe.
(b) Intolerance towards ideology-like capitalism vs. communism, Shia vs. Sunni, catholic vs. non catholic
(c) Intolerance of language-English vs. French, Hindi vs. non Hindi in India.
(d) Intolerance of religion-rights between Islam and Christian in Europe, Hindu and Islam in south Asia, Islam and Jews in Middle East. 
(e) Intolerance of cast- this was the problem especially in south Asia region, where the upper cast became intolerant towards lower caste people. There are various such examples of intolerance and lack of acceptance of the people and society.

For the avoidance of clash between the people or group or community every society must learn a bit of tolerance and acceptance towards others. For any developed society tolerance is not the sole thing. Along with tolerance there are also other pillars of pluralist society i.e. brother and goodwill. By means of tolerance one can not only avoid the clash but the tool of brotherhood and goodwill makes the society full of joy and happiness. Brotherhood is not only about accepting others along with their thoughts, belief and values, but it is also helping them during crisis in the best possible way. This brotherhood comes from goodwill to do something good for others and for society despite their differences.

In the context of Indian society, there is great diversity across pan-India in terms of language, culture, beliefs, religion, cast, practices and customs, Geography, History and Economics almost in every field. This is the beauty of Indian pluralist society where people live together from ancient time instead of huge diversity and differences. This makes India worlds largest as well as longest pluralist society of the world. But there are also few small cases where people become intolerant and do not show the brotherhood and goodwill towards others values, belief and religion. The cases of intolerance were rare or very few cases were found in ancient and in medieval era. As British came in modern India they introduced the policy of divide and rule and they sowed the seed of intolerance which led to the concept of communalism in India. They introduced the concept of minority in religion. Along with the problem of communism there are also few cases of lingual intolerance like Hindi vs, other language, Guajarati vs. Marathi, hilly area and plain area; racial intolerance like states of north-east vs. other main land of India. But despite some differences and few cases of intolerance people are living together from thousands of years. Indian society is very mature in nature. Here people give more preference to goodwill, tolerance and brotherhood over their personal faith, values and belief Indian society is therefore often symbolized with the slogan- unity in diversity. That's why pluralism is not the weakness of Indian society but it is the strength of the Indian society.

It is difficult to survive for any society or civilization without these three values. Especially for a country like India where language, customs, values and belief get changed at every mile. The tool of good will, tolerance and brotherhood not only secure the survival or co-existence, of pluralist society but it’s also needed to create good environment for living where coming generation of society can learn and act for making better tomorrow. The main goal of every human value, ideas, belief and other tools is to make society better and suitable for life. Our experiences in life are determined by the framework around our society. This framework thus needs to be one such that inculcates positive attributes for nurturing our growth and betterment. One cannot simply imagine living life without any interaction or cooperation with the society. This interaction needs to involve goodwill for development of good relationship on both ends. One can gain the trust and faith of another person through the basic human tendency of doing well for others. You just can't expect the society to be kind and helpful to you without your positive contribution to it and its fellow beings. Our interaction with the society should be such that it not just seeks personal gain and achievements; but also hopes for and works towards the upliftment of the different elements of the society. For this betterment of society, goodwill, tolerance and brotherhood play very important role.

Selfish motives and hatred lead us nowhere, for once we inculcate such negative feelings within us; we keep on digging potholes for our detriment. A society is worth living only when garnered with the seeds of love, belongingness, cooperation, brotherhood, selflessness and goodwill for each other. A society where every individual sees his/her fellow compatriot as one's relative; is a heavenly one to reside in. Our philosophy of "Vasudhaia Kutumbakam" teaches us the same value and thence we emerge as one of the most culturally grounded and diversified yet United Nations in the world.



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