Tuesday, 23 October 2018

Connecting with India-the North East Essay for UPSC and SSC

Connecting with India-the North East Essay for UPSC and SSC

Connecting with India
India is a land of many riches. With diversified ecology, cultures, languages spoken, festivals celebrated, and foods; India stands as one of the most colorful and assorted country. With a beautiful and divergent landscape and heritage, still some of the gems of the country are hidden. One of such gems is the undiscovered North East of the country. Bordering China, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh, it is connected to the rest of India by a narrow 20 km corridor of land. Popularly called as the 'Seven Sister States’ or the 'paradise unexplored', it covers 7 per cent of the total landform of the country and is a name given to the contiguous states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Meghalaya and Tripura. Each state is unique in its own way. 

Assam is the densely populated state that occupies the plush lowlands of the Brahmaputra valley. With wide expanse, rich flora and fauna, turbulent waterfalls and aromatized tea gardens, Assam has more to offer apart from its stimulating festivals and fairs. 

Arunachal Pradesh is termed as the 'Land of Rising Sun' and allures with its captivating wood-locks, enchanting plateaus and deep dales. It also beckons many adventure freaks. Sitting on the foothills of the Himalayas, it attracts tourists because of its Buddhist monasteries and influences. A small and marooned state, bordering Assam is Meghalaya which is rightly called the ‘The Abode of Clouds’. The state is the wettest region of the world and is covered with pine clad hills and lakes. Vibrant sunrise and sunset and a rich war history; Nagaland has a lot to attract tourists. Manipur is the 'Land of Jewels', located in between the hilly ranges and providing the most bewildering and bewitching views. 

Mizoram and Tripura are lovely and fascinating with rich folklore, virgin terrains and spectacular views of the hills and valleys. 

Sikkim was integrated as the eighth North Eastern Council state in 2002. Sikkim is bordered by Nepal to the west, China’s Tibet Autonomous Region to the north and east and Bhutan to the East. West Bengal lies to the south. With 610577 inhabitants as of the 2011 census it is the least populous state in India and the second smallest state after Goa in total area, covering approximately 7096 km. Sikkim is geographically diverse due to its location in the Himalayas. The climate ranges from subtropical to high alpine. Kanchenjunga, the world’s third-highest peak, is located on Sikkim’s border with Nepal. It is also a popular tourist destination because of its culture, scenery and biodiversity. Sikkim’s capital and largest city is Gangtok. 

Being one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse regions of the country, each state boasts of its distinct culture and traditions. With bewildering diversity and the magical beauty, the North East of the country is home to more than 166 tribes; some of which have migrated centuries ago from places as far as South East Asia. This amalgamation of different tribes has only given to expand the wide array of cultures, values and languages of the area. Thus since time immemorial, India's North East has been a meeting ground of many cultures, faiths and ethics. Apart from its prosperous culture, North-East also has a wide range of geographical and ecological diversities which makes it quite different from other parts of the sub-continent. Lush landscapes that are veiled and carpeted by mists in winters, enchanting valleys, dense jungles, powerful rivers, abundant rains, picturesque hills and green meadows that shelters enormous species of flora and fauna all define the paradise that is North-East of the country. Besides, there are a large number of beautiful wildlife sanctuaries and national parks that is home to some of the rare animals, plants and birds. The region houses one-horned rhinos, elephants and few other endangered wildlife species. Apart from these, the states are also quite actively involved in outdoor activities such as trekking, angling, boating, rafting and hiking along the gorgeous river Brahmaputra. 

The North-East is also seat to many small and large scale industries that are tea-based, silk, bamboo and handicrafts, crude oil and natural gas. Tea estates of the region especially Assam are world famous. Here one can experience the true aroma of tea in the most picturesque locales. All these attractions are surely fascinating to any -visitor, but still the tourism in this area is not much developed. Citing security reasons due to disputed borders issues with China, inter-tribal tensions, widespread insurgencies, there are many restrictions and checks on foreigners visiting the states. This has thus hampered the tourism and hospitality industry considerably which could otherwise have been extremely profitable.

This land of paradise is still unexplored and needs proper exposure and promotion to bring forth the hidden glory and suave gem of our country so that we can truly prove that India is truly God’s own country.

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