Friday, 21 September 2018

ESSAY ON DR. MANMOHAN SINGH IN ENGLISH

ESSAY ON DR. MANMOHAN SINGH IN ENGLISH

ESSAY ON DR. MANMOHAN SINGH
Dr. Manmohan Singh is a member of the Indian National Congress party, and became the first Sikh Prime Minister of India on May 22, 2004. 

He was born on 26 September 1932, in Gah, Punjab (now in Chakwal district, Pakistan). He has an Undergraduate (1952) and a Master's degree (1954) from Panjab University, Chandigarh; an Undergraduate degree (1957) from Cambridge University (St. John's College) and a PhD (1962) from Oxford University (Nuffield College). The University of Oxford awarded him an honorary Doctor of Civil Law degree in June 2005, and in October 2006, the University of Cambridge followed with the same honor. Singh married Gursharan Kaur in 1958, and they have three daughters. 

India's fourteenth Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh is rightly acclaimed as a thinker and a scholar. Dr. Singh's academic credentials were burnished by the years he spent the faculty of Punjab University and the prestigious Delhi School of Economics. He had a brief stint at the UNCTAD Secretariat as well, during, these years. This presaged subsequent appointment as Secretary General of the South Commission in Geneva between 1987 and 1990. 

In 1971, Dr. Singh joined the Government of India as Economic Advisor in the Commerce Ministry. This was soon followed by, his appointment as Chief Economic Advisor in the Ministry of Finance in 1972. Among the many Governmental positions that Dr. Singh has occupied are Secretary in the Ministry of Finance; Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission; Governor of the Reserve Bank of India; Advisor of the Prime Minister; and Chairman of the University Grants Commission. 

In what was to become the turning point in the economic history of independent India, Dr. Singh spent five years between 1991 and 1996 as India's Finance Minister. His role in sheering in a comprehensive policy of economic reforms is now recognized worldwide. In the popular view of those years n India, that period is inextricably associated the persona of Dr. Singh. 

Among the many awards and honors conferred upon Dr. Singh in his public career, the most prominent are India's second highest civilian honor, the Padma Vibhushan (1987) the Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award of the Indian Science Congress (1995); the Asia Money Award for Finance Minister of the Year (1993 and 1994); the Euro Money Award for Finance Minister of the Year (1993), the Adam Smith Prize of the University of Cambridge (1956); and the Wright's Prize for Distinguished Performance at St. John's College in Cambridge (1955). Dr. Singh has also been honored by a number of other associations including by the Japanese Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 

Dr. Singh has represented India at many international conferences and in several international organizations. He has led Indian Delegations to the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Cyprus (1993) and to the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna in 1993. 

Singh's image is generally regarded as intellectual, honest but cautious, attentive to working class people (on whose votes he was elected), and technocratic.

Although legislative achievements have been few and the Congress led alliance is routinely hampered by conflicts, Singles administration has focused on reducing the fiscal deficit, providing debt-relief to poor farmers, extending social programs and advancing the pro-industry economic and tax policies that have launched the country on a major economic expansion course since 2002. 

Singh has been the image of the Congress campaign to defuse religious tensions and conflicts and bolster political support from minorities like Muslims, Christians and Sikhs. In his political career, Dr. Singh has been a Member of India's Upper House of Parliament (the Rajya Sabha) since 1991, where he was Leader of the Opposition between 1998 and 2004. 

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