Friday, 14 September 2018

Essay on JAWAHARLAL NEHRU in English

Essay on JAWAHARLAL NEHRU in English


Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a wealthy Brahmin lawyer and politician from Kashmir who had settled in Allahabad in modern Uttar Pradesh. The younger Nehru graduated from Cambridge University, and returned to India in 1912 with a degree in natural sciences, and qualified to practice law as a barrister. Over the next thirty years, he rose to become the top political leader of the Indian, National Congress Party and its struggle for independence from Britain. He was jailed seven times. 

In 1919 Nehru joined the Indian National Congress, the principal nationalist organization of India, led by Mohandas K. Gandhi, between 1921 and 1945 he was imprisoned nine times by the British administration for the Indian independence. 

The Indian nationalist movement brought him into contact with the whole social spectrum of India, particularly peasants, and he came to the conclusion that the political struggle in India must also aim at social equity and an end to mass poverty. 

After independence he served as India first Prime Minister from 1947 until he died. The Indian Constituent Assembly gave India a federal constitution, but effectively power was concentrated at the centre and lay largely in the hands of Nehru. It was he who virtually determined the shape of India's domestic and foreign policy. 

He was also a great internationalist, and one of the founders of the non-aligned movement. He set India on the path of democracy and nurtured its institution - Parliament, multi-party system, independent judiciary and free press. He encouraged Panjayati Raj institutions. 

His vision was that of extensive application of science and technology and industrialization for better living and liberation from the Clutches of poverty, superstition and ignorance. Education to him was very important for internal freedom and fearlessness. 

It was Nehru who insisted if the world was to exist at all it must exist as one. He was general and gracious.  Emotional sensitivity and intellectual passion infused his writings giving them unusual appeal and topicality even today. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1955. He never forget India's great cultural heritage and liked to combine tradition with modernity. 

Nehru was a prolific writer. His discovery of India written in Prison in 1944 and his autobiography are among is best known works. His letter to his daughter Indira Gandhi published as princess of world history (1936) project a vision of cultural influences on a global scale with the distinctive feature of each culture fully preserved. 

Pandit Nehru loved children and they called him affectionately as Chacha Nehru. His birthday is observed as Children's day. He believed that children are the future of the nation. Nehru passed away in May 1964.



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