Friday, 14 September 2018



The diversity of Indian beliefs and cultural traditions accounts for the large number of festivals in our country. Some of them are celebrated throughout the country. Some of them are observed only by a sect or community. 

January 26: Republic Day. On this day in 1930 the people of India took a pledge to work hard for the establishment, of a Sovereign Democratic Republic. This was achieved on. 26, 1950 when the new Constitution came into force. The celebrations in New Delhi are the most important. They include a massive parade and a pageant from the States that shows the cultural unity of the country. 
Holi: This is an important festival in North India. It is a festival of colors. Joyous crowds fill the streets and sprinkle colored water on all passers-by. Holi is associated with the divine love of Radha and Krishna. 

Dussera: This is celebrated in North India. It comes either in September or in October. It indicates the victory of Rama over Ravana. Unlike Dussera, this is celebrated for 10 days in Southern parts. The Festival of Dussera is celebrated on the occasion of Navaratri. Celebrations are unique ranging from worshipping goddess Chamundeshwari (Durga) to exhibiting colorful toys on the day of 'bombe habba' in Kannada or 'Bommala Koluvu' in Telugu. 

Id-Ul-Fitr: This important Muslim festival marks the end of Ramzan, the ninth month of the Muslim year. It was during this month the holy Koran was revealed. 

August 15: It was on this day in 1947 that India of Independence. The National Flag is unfurled and tributes are paid to the national heroes. The Prime Minister hoists the flag on the Red Fort in Delhi. 

October 2: Gandhijayanthi: It was on October 2 (1869) Gandhiji the Father of our Nation was born. His birth anniversary is celebrated with great reverence. Mass prayers are held. In Delhi a large number of people gather at Rajghat to offer floral tributes and recite verses from our sacred books. 

Diwali: it comes in October or in November. At night children have fire-works. Diwali celebrated to welcome Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity. It is also believed that Diwali celebrates Rama's victorious return to his capital from exile. This festival heralds a season of joyous merriment, boom in business and a general feeling of well-being. Diwali, the Festival of Lights, is celebrated with fervor and gaiety. The festival is celebrated by young and old, rich and poor, throughout the country to dispel darkness and light up their lives. The festival symbolizes unity in diversity as every state celebrates it in its own special way. 

Christmas: December, 25: This is the greatest Christian festival. It is celebrated on the 25th of December every year. His birth day was celebrated for several days in the middle Ages. Then it was called Christmass. With the passage of time Christmass became Christmas. Christmas cards are sent to friends and relatives. On Christmas Eve services are held in churches at midnight. Groups of Christians sing carols to the accompaniment of musical instruments. They praise Jesus for having come to the earth for the redemption of man. 

Onam: Onam is one of the most significant harvest festivals of Kerala and is an attraction for thousands of people outside and within the state. All the activities during this season are centered, on worshipping, music, dance, sports, boat races and good food. This festival is celebrated in the Malayalam month Chingam (ending of August it and beginning of September). Onam is a harvest festival and celebrates the reward of nature after a year of hard work. The merry making of the festival includes an elaborate procession of Trichur and amusing boat races on River Pampa. Women dress up in heavy jewelry and new saris and make complex and detailed designs of "rangolis" and "pookkalam"(with flowers) in front of their homes. 



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