Sunday, 2 September 2018

Essay on Environmental Pollution in 1000 words

Essay on Environmental Pollution in 1000 words

Essay on Environmental Pollution

In the vast universe, the earth is so far the only planet known to be endowed with an environment that can support life-forms with which we are familiar. By 'environment' is meant those natural things that surround us the essentials to sustain human life, such as the earth's atmosphere, healthy air and potable water, together with the non-essentials that help to make life sustainable such as wild animals or wild places or human living space What sustains our life on our splendid spaceship is a thin cover of air and water encasing the earth and known as biosphere. This biosphere is made o a finely balanced mixture of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon and water-vapor. It has been established, and is maintained, by the life;-cycles of plants, animals and bacteria.

 It is in the midst of this nice balance of multiple biological processes that man and other forms of life have existed and flourished for thousands of ears. Man, as the most intelligent being on earth, has constantly made use of his inventive genius to force nature to yield its secrets to him. He has made more and more spectacular breakthrough in technology in the firm faith that it will bring him undiluted bliss. He has taken the bounties of nature for granted, little realizing that his spectacular progress is seriously disturbing the ecological balance, leading to dangerous pollution in life supporting systems in the environment. The most technologically advanced countries are the first to experience environment diseases. 

Pollution throughout the world, especially in the industrialized and technologically advanced belt, and the ecological crisis are not wholly new or novel, though ecology is a comparatively new science. The hazards of environmental pollution have been known for a long time. Now the realization has downed upon humanity that in our craze for progress we have been guilty of 'ecocide', murder of environment by senseless poisoning of the earth', air and water and destroying our natural resources including forest wealth and wild life. 

The outcry against environmental pollution has been the loudest in the U.S.A. the biggest power of the world. The first systematic and international effort in the direction of drawing the world's attention to the growing menace of environmental pollution was made in 1972 through the U.N. Conference on Environment held in Stockholm. The resolution expressed concern at the accelerating damage to human environment. Consequently, the World Health Organization was set up for the monitoring and study of environmental pollution on a global scale. Then, there was the U.N. Habitat Conference oil Human Settlements, held in Vancouver in 1975 and the U.N. Desertification Conference at Nairobi in August-September, 1977. 

Following the dawning of the realities and greater knowledge of the disaster looming ahead, environment has now become a common problem the world. Today, there is a greater awareness of the need for environmental education. The UNESCO Director General had warned that “the problem of environment was jeopardizing the development of mankind.” In October 1982 a World Charter adopted in the UVO evinced a growing international recognition of the importance of ecology. The need for an environment ethic is now universally accepted. Support for ecology has also come from several high religious leaders including the Shankaracharya of Puri. Sunderlal Bahuguna has shot into prominence as a world famous ecologist.

In India the problem of environmental pollution is related to increase in industrial activity which is synonymous with economic progress. It causes pollution of water and air. Massive amounts of lead are disarranged into the environment leading to the toxic levels of lead accumulation in the bodies human beings breathing in that environment. In the same way, his widespread use of insecticides; synthetic detergents, inorganic nitro en fertilizers, nitrates and such other chemicals detergents, recoiled on human beings and contaminated the supply of essentials like water and air, Nuclear tastings and the contaminated the supply of essentials like water and air. Nuclear testing and the resultant fall-outs have violated environmental integrity and increased the rate of cancer and congenital disease. Ai crafts ruthlessly in the air have invaded the atmosphere and have changed the earth's heat balance. 

Apart from factory wastes and effluents, there is gigantic, problem of human refuse being dumped into streams and rivers in various parts of country. Not only the big cities like Kanpur, Agra, Delhi, Mathura, almost all the towns and cities in India, whether industrialized, or not suffer from this. Our rivers including the Ganga and the Yamuna are polluted; the Himalayan ecology is seriously endangered in many ways. 

To meet this grave menace of environmental pollution, the Government of India constituted a new Department of Environment on November 1, 1980 under the charge of the Prime Minister to make an in-depth study and review of the administrative machinery and legislative measures for prevention of environmental pollution. A National Committee on Environmental Planning (NCEP) has also been constituted. it expressed concern at the rapid pace of atmospheric pollution in industrialized cities like Mumbai, Calcutta, Kanpur and .Ahmadabad and declared that India has reached a state when the absorptive and assimilative capacity has been misused or overused, resulting in pollution and environmental degradation. And the danger is increasing day by day. 

The obvious remedies are altering the production processes, installing anti-pollution equipment and re-using or re-cycling wastes. According to a study carried out by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry, 
(a) industrial pollution must be regularly monitored and it must become an integral part of business planning; 
(b) there is a lack of awareness concerning the dangers of pollution in the Indian corporate sector. Pollution control is a managerial institutional managerial responsibility; 
(c) there must be legal and responsible arrangements to permit our politically responsible implementation. 
It is necessary to have national commitment for prevention and control of pollution. For this purpose, there should be greater co-operation among the Centre and the various State Governments, business community' and the people in general. Publicity in various ways needs to be carried out to inculcate proper habits among the people and the proper industrial practices. Strict control of tree feeling and destruction of foliage and wild life is also essential. Tolerance of impure air and water and smoke must be discouraged. Such timely measures will help in keeping the environment clean and conductive to a healthier, fuller and happier life.

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