Saturday, 22 September 2018

Essay on Importance of Blood Donation with Points

Essay on Importance of Blood Donation with Points

"A drop of your blood can be the 'Amrit' so donate it and save someone from being dead."-Dr. Md. Usmangani Ansari

Blood donation is one of the noblest and greatest donations a man can make, human blood irreplaceable by any chemical, drug for fluid. Every three seconds someone needs blood and one unit of blood can be separated into several components. The need for immediate blood may include emergencies, accidents and several blood disorders like Sickle Cell Anemia, Thalassemia and Haemophilia. Out of the 12 million units of blood required only 3 million units of blood is available in India. Hence there are many people who lose lives due to unavailability of the blood.

Sometimes either the matching blood group is unavailable for the patient or the blood amount is inadequate. This is a serious issue which needs our attention, as it can be anyone who might need blood in critical situations. We must be generous, kind and more human in donating blood to save any life in danger. We must also encourage people around us about the need, benefits and proper way of donating blood.

One must know or be familiar with the fact that the donated blood is less than half of the extra blood that our body does not need.

But there are numerous people who turn a deaf ear when it comes to blood donation. They are those kinds who barely take blood donation as a matter of concern. But they forget one thing that it might be someone else in need today, but tomorrow it could be them. To recognize blood donors who take an attempt to save lives and serve the purpose of creating awareness on the relevance of blood donation June 14 celebrated as World Donor Day and this year's theme "Give blood. Give now. Give often."

Types of Blood Donation
Depending upon who is making the donation and why they are donating blood donation is categorized into four types:

Voluntary non-remunerated blood donation
The donor turns up out of his/her wish to donate blood without any material gain in return.
Commercial
One donates blood for a monetary reward.
Replacement
Family replacement a family member donates blood to save a patient's life.
Another replacement is where by a friend or a person of good will donates blood.
Autologous
Here one donates blood to be used by him or herself. This happens when one is going to undergo surgery and the blood is stored for use after the surgery.
Frequency of Donation
A person can donate every three months but not beyond four times a year. This is applicable when one has to donate whole blood that includes all the components - Red cells, plasma, platelets and other nutrients from the body.

Benefits of Donating Blood

  1. It prevents myocardial infarction, hypertension and heart attacks. Heart attacks are common due to lot of lipids in blood circulation coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart. These lipids (especially the low density liquid commonly called as cholesterol) are dangerous for health.
  2. Blood donation on other hand is proven lower to the levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
  3. Hemoglobin is a red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood and if blood is donated regularly the hemoglobin levels are controlled. When there is excess of hemoglobin in one's blood, it thickens the fluid and that restricts its flow, which does not allow the blood flow freely in the vessels and leads to clots in the brain or thrombus.
  4. The risk of Cancer also gets reduced by donating blood, according to research done by Medical Daily. The study suggests that by giving blood, there is a reduction of iron stores and iron in the body which can reduce the risk of cancer. Iron is considered to increase free radical damage in the body and is linked to an increased risk of cancer and aging.
  5. The Cardiovascular health is also presented by blood donation. Blood viscosity is a known to be a unifying factor for the risk of cardiovascular disease. To determine the amount of damage to one's cell, lining the arteries one need to know how thick and sticky one's blood is and how much friction one's blood creates through the blood vessels.
  6. This blood viscosity can be reduced by donating blood on a regular basis, which eliminates the iron that makes possibly oxidize in one's blood. An increase in oxidation stress can be damaging to one's cardiovascular system.
Who can Donate Blood?

  1. Those who suffer from chronic ailments like cancer or Leukemia cannot donate blood. Besides these who have AIDS, hepatitis or Malaria also cannot be donors.
  2. The person who has to donate blood must be weigh at least 50 kg and above and their age must be above 18 years and not beyond 60. Their hemoglobin level should be 12.5 gm/dl or above.
  3. Women in their periods cannot donate blood and they have to wait for at least 7 days after the periods.
  4. Someone on certain medication like Aspirin can't donate blood. A pregnant woman too can't donate blood and can do so twelve months after the baby is born.
The donor must consider going for a medical checkup before donating blood, in order to ensure the safety of both the recipient's and donor's health. This is also necessary to ensure that the owner has enough blood. The blood which might contaminate others can't be taken and also the screening of donors helps determine the blood been taken will be life saving.

One should remember that donating blood is completely safe and will not make you weak or won't hurt you. If you save a life today you may be saved tomorrow when you are in need of blood.

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