Thursday, 30 August 2018

Essay on Terrorism in English for Students

Essay on Terrorism in English for Students

Essay on Terrorism in English
The word 'terrorism' is defined as a state which impresses terror. In other words, terrorism is a violent activity aimed at causing terror. The central meaning of concept of terrorism is "use of terror for furthering the political, ends”. It was originally used by French Revolutionary government again its opponents. The range of activities covered by terrorism is very wide, but it can be seen in for chief forms-assassinations, bombing, seizure of individuals as hostages and the hijacking of planes.

Disruptive forces are at large in the world and the existence of mankind is being threatened. Violence and massacre are the order of the day, not only in India but all over the world. There has been spurt in the terrorist activities in the Middle East in Sri Lanka, in India and in a number of European countries including England. In England, there was a dastardly attempt on the life of Mrs. Margaret Thacker, the former Prime Minister. In October 1985, four Palestinians hijacked an Italian Cruiser of Alexandria and the crew and  passengers were kept as hostages for two days before they finally surrendered. In India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Sant Harchand Singh Longowal, Gen. A. S. Vaidya and Mr. Lalit Maken were brutal gunned down. Mr. Rajiv Gandhi, the former Prime Minister of India was assassinated at Thinnananthapuram, Tamil Nadu, by a suicide-bomb militant of LITTE. On December24, 1999, Kathmandu-Delhi Flight No. 1C-814 was hijacked by terrorists and crew and passengers were taken to Kandhar in Afganistan. They could be released after the Government of India released three terrorists of Harkat-Ul-Ansar who were imprisoned in Indian jails. On March 23, 2000 when the President of U.S.A, Mr. Clinton was on official visit, there was massacre of 35 Sikhs in Chhatispura village of Kashmir by terrorists belonging to Laskar-E-toiba and Hijbul Mujahidin. The terrorist activities are being carried out by Osama Bin Laden. A Saudi dissident, who was behind the bomb blasts on US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. It is said that Osama Bin Laden is starving at Afghanistan and he not been handed over to U.S.A. He is also supporting the terrorist activities of Pakistan for liberating Kashmir from Indian dominance.

Terrorism basically springs from political frustration. Political parties which are defeated at the polls take to terrorist activity in order to undermine the faith of the people on duly elected Government. Religious and racial fanatics also turn terrorists. These people are convinced of the righteousness of their causes and are eager to defend terrorism as a legitimate weapon to force a government into agreement. Unemployed and economically weak youths easily fall into the trap of these terrorists. Foreign governments which do not have cordial relations with any country, offer them assistance in the form of money and weapons.

Terrorism is not confined only to individuals and groups. Sometimes, the State itself is guilty of terrorist activity. The Israeli Government, with the purpose of liquidating Mr. Yaseer Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, bombed Tunisian territory at the end of September 1985 taking a tall of about seventy lives. The Talibaans have captured Afghanistan. They have support of arms, military and finance from Pakistan. Osama Bin Laden is openly supporting Pakistan and militant activities with a possible reprisal against India have been on rise in Afghanistan. According to an estimate, anti-India terrorist activities cost Pakistan over Rs. 1100 crore per year. Beyond India, we hear about Arab terrorists in Israel, Irish terrorists in Great Britain, Black terrorists in South Africa, and White racist terrorists in the United Kingdom, U.S.A. and a number of Latin American countries and Tamil terrorists in Sri Lanka. At present fierce guerrilla warfare is going on between Sri Lankan army and LTTE militants who have captured a sizeable territory of Jaffna peninsula. Pakistan's intelligence agency ISI has stretched its feet in about 210 districts of our country. Today there are about 25000 agents of ISI in our country. Habib Bank of Pakistan is rendering huge financial help to Islamic Madarsas which are generating a considerable number of terrorists in India. Laskar-e-Toiba, Harkat-ul-Ansar, Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front and Hijbul Mujahidin etc., are furious terrorist organizations in our country. The position of Tripura and Nagaland is going out of control. According to an appraisal conducted by the Home Ministry of Government of India, about 1000 army men and officers are being killed every year by these militants. Until now more than 500 soldiers and army officers have been killed. More than 20000 Indian Muslim terrorists are spread all over India after receiving training at terrorists camps in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Terrorism shows its ugly face in the shape of hijacking, kidnapping, assassinating eminent personalities and even indiscriminate shooting down of innocent people. Transistor bombs which were used by the terrorists, killed innocent people. Banks, post-offices, petrol pumps and shops are also looted. Terrorists keep changing their hide-outs and operate in a clandestine manner. Hence it is yen difficult to arrest them.

Terrorists are extremists. They do not believe that problems can be solved through negotiations across the table. They try to force governments to concede their demands which in many cases are unreasonable. Thus, terrorism strikes at the very roots of democracy. It also creates insecurity in the minds of the people and discourages economic progress. It is anti people and anti progress. Considered from any angle, terrorism is an activity which calls for severe condemnation.

It is unrealistic to hope for complete disappearance of terrorism from the world near future but to deem it totally impossible is to turn pessimistic. Let us strive for peace. Let us start removing the pricking nails of hatred, fear and distrust. Ultimately humanity will win as it has won many such paths. The two means of conducting struggle against terrorism are:

1.       The police plus non violent sanctions approach, and 2. The military approach.

The first approach stresses that slow patient police work, arresting and trying culprits, foiling plots, defusing bombs, diplomatic evil etc., will ultimately put a break to terrorism. The second approach stresses that terrorism deserves a more violent response. The bombing of Tripoli Benghazi in April, 1986 was justified by the American and British Government in these terms.

While dealing with the menace of terrorism, Government should be firm in its attitude. There should be no submission to terrorists’ blackmail. The general public should be convinced that the Government can protect them from the terrorists. The other strategy is to isolate the terrorists from their host population. No concessions should be made by the Government. If Government is too soft with the terrorists, they will be encouraged to press more unreasonable demands. The morale of the security forces should maintain at all costs. The Government policies should be implements without fear or favor.

At the political level, special or emergency powers and acts may used to prescribe membership of terrorist organization. Wearing of paramilitary uniforms and rising of private armies should be forbidden. The demonstrations and marches of terrorist organizations should be banned throughout the country. Yet another measure is to regulate the use of explosives, sale of dangerous chemicals and weapons and easy availability of firearms. Our Government is making all out efforts to end terrorism.

The terrorism must go from our country at all costs. We should make all out efforts to combat the terrorists. The countries like Pakistan which are helping the terrorists in India should be persuaded to refrain from such activities. The gesture shown by U.K., USA and France in this context is quite welcome and it is hoped that other countries will come forward with a positive response to the efforts made by India in this direction.



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