Thursday, 30 August 2018

Essay on Energy Crisis in India and Its Solution

Essay on Energy Crisis in India and Its Solution

Energy Crisis in India and Its Solution

Industrialization and economic growth of a country are dependent upon the adequate availability of cheap sources of energy. The traditional sources of energy are exhausting at a rapid speed and now the world is on the brink of energy crisis. The situation may become very horrible in the near future. It is therefore necessary to take timely steps to conserve the non-renewable sources of energy, find out alternative sources of energy and explore the possibilities of generating power from ocean waves and tides.

In the recent past, there was sudden rise in oil prices by the oil producing countries who organized themselves under an organization called OPE (Oil Producing and Exporting Countries). The result was that the rich Western nations as also developing countries had to spend huge money for important oil from the oil producing countries. Therefore, it became necessary to new sources of energy, conserve non-renewable sources of energy and domestic resources.

India too had been using oil to a large extent as a main source of energy. In view of the sharp spurt in the price of oil, the Government started to explore new oil wells in the different parts of the country. We also began to think about alternative sources of energy. In India, non-conventional sources of energy such as firewood, cow dung, vegetable wastes and mechanical energy derived from animal power and manpower, play a dominant role. Coal and oil are the most important primary sources of conventional energy. Electricity generated from coal and oil is the principal secondary source of conventional energy in our country. Hydro-electricity generated from water has also become a significant primary source of energy in India.

Bio-gas produced from garbage, sewage and other materials is an alternative source of energy. Solar energy is yet another form of alternative energy. Researchers are being carried out to harness this source of energy. Tidal waves, ocean waves and wind are other sources of alternative. In India, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka are utilizing wind energy on a large scale. Wave energy project has also been installed near Thiruvananthapuram.

Natural gas is a potential source of energy. Gas deposits have discovered in several developing countries including India. Gases generate more energy than oil. Besides, cost of gas development is also lower than that of oil. The developed nations of world should render every assists to the developing countries to achieve the natural gas as an alternate source of energy.

Nuclear energy is the most important source of energy. Since the coal and oil which are the primary source of conventional energy are limited in quantity and their resources are exhausting at a rapid speed, India and other developed countries of the world had to think of nuclear energy as an alternative source of energy. The major objectives of Indian nuclear programs are to generate electricity, utilize radio-isotopes for bringing about improvement in industries, agriculture, medicine and other areas of national health and economy. In India, the first atomic reactor was setup in the year 1955 in Trombay Island of Bombay. Its chief aim was to generate nuclear energy. Kalpakkam Atomic Powerhouse, Tamil Nadu, Rana Pratap atomic Energy Powerhouse, Rajasthan, Narora Atomic Energy Powerhouse, UP and Tarapur Atomic Energy Powerhouse are the other centers of nuclear  energy in India. Critics of nuclear energy argue that strict safety meal has to be taken at the nuclear energy generating centers so that there are no chances of an accidental release of radioactivity into the atmosphere. The disposal of nuclear waste is likely to pose yet another problem as it remains radio-active for thousands of years. But in spite of all these arguments, the developed as well as developing countries have decided to go for nuclear energy. India has large resources of Thorium and Uranium. Hence there is great scope for the development of nuclear energy.

Apart from additional generation of energy, energy conservation is equally important. This can be done by reducing or eliminating certain energy-using activities. Other conservation measures may require substitution of energy by other factors of production such as capital or labor. On an average, energy consumption in most developing countries can be reduced by nearly 15 percent through increase in efficiency. Both Government and public should participate in the energy conservation movement. Proper and regular maintenance of vehicles would not only give us extra mileage and save fuel, it would also make cities pollution-free. By using high grade lubricants and friction-less foot valves in irrigation pump-sets, 45 percent of energy can be saved. Replacing inefficient incandescent bulbs by compact fluorescent lamps or tubes, nearly 3/4 of energy can be saved. Energy saved is as good as energy generated. What is needed urgently is generating mass awareness about energy conservation and effective energy education among the general public and government machinery.

Energy crisis is a common issue for all the countries of the world. A cooperative effort would, therefore, certainly- help in meeting the challenge successfully and save us from the threat of energy crisis.

A vigilant and effective energy strategy is required so that the Program in regard to economic growth and industrialization may proceed smoothly and there is no hindrance on account of paucity of energy, resources.



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