Wednesday, 28 March 2018

unemployment problems and solutions essay

unemployment problems and solutions essay

unemployment problems and solutions
“True test of democracy is full employment and social security.”
The problem of unemployment is the most serious problem facing our country. A large number of educated and uneducated people loiter about in search of some job. They are willing to work but they cannot get it. There is unemployment in cities, towns and even in villages. An empty mind is the devil’s workshop. An unemployed person is a nuisance to the society. A hungry man can do any wrong. Therefore it is the duty of the government to solve the problem of unemployment as early as possible.

There are many causes of unemployment in India. The greatest cause of unemployment is the overpopulation of the country. The population of the country is increasing fast but the jobs cannot be increased in that proportion. So a large number of people remain unemployed.

Another cause of unemployment is our defective system of education. The present education is bookish. It should be job-oriented. It does not prepare students for life. Every young man of today is suitable only for a white collar job.

Machines are also responsible for the problem of unemployment. The machines are labor-saving devices. These machines throw thousands of persons out of work. People rush to cities in search of employment. The result is that the cottage industries which provide employment to many are impaired. Gandhi ji warned the people against industrialization, “India needs not mass production but production by the masses.”

There should be a check on the rapid growth of population. The programs of family planning should be made more popular in rural areas. All efforts should be made in this direction.
The system of education should be changed. Importance should be given to technical are vocational education. Education should be sound and practical Government should create more jobs for the educated unemployed.

Cottage and small-scale industries should be developed. We should lessen the use of labor-saving machines. Banks should advance loans to the youths to set up small industries. Luckily our government is fully alive to this problem. Technical and vocational college are being opened. Cottage and handloom industries are being encouraged. Efforts to control population are being made. Irrigation and other multi-purpose projects are increasing. These steps will help a lot in solving the problem of unemployment.


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