Friday, 19 April 2019

Essay on Privatization in India

Essay on Privatization in India

Essay on Privatization in India

When India gained its independence, there was hardly any industry in the country. Our leaders initiated state-controlled industries so that basic infrastructure could be built which could contribute to the progress and development of the country. This concept worked not only in our country but also in most of the developing countries of the world. However, despite serving the basic concept of various industries in production, consumer-oriented and service sectors were established, there crept in various malaise that are natural with the workforce which is not alive to the needs of the nation and is lethargic. It was the reason that the most of the public sector units suffer losses and become a source of drain on the exchequer. It was here that free economy was taken up and the public sector units needed to become either commercially competitive to the private sector or be transferred to the private hands. Since 1990, privatization has become the buzzword as far as development is concerned.

It may be known that the most of the public sector units presently incur losses and their performance is below par. In essence, privatization means transfer of state holdings to private hands, in part or in full. It can be done in various ways; for example, auction, stock offer, management-employee buyouts, negotiated sales, leasing, joint venture, sale of equity etc. it means that the industries, which were suffering losses, were either to restructure themselves and turn into profit-making organizations, or to be handed over to the private sector to be operated efficiently in accordance with the market norms.

But the question remains—can privatization solve all problems related to the public sector units? Is privatization the only solution? These questions need to be dwelt upon in depth, because there is a basic difference between public sector units and private sector units. The inefficiency but inevitability of the public sector units was debated through the 90s. it was recognized that there were sectors or areas in which the presence of public sector units was a must, while the presence of private sector units could but be relied upon in a few core areas because the private sector has to be guided by profit making. If its aspirations as regards profit were not met, it was hardly expected to take interest large sums of amount    in infrastructure. Private sector would be hardly interested in far flung areas or rural areas where they were not likely to gain. On the other hand, the motive of the public sector units is to lay the infrastructure, on the basis of which development of the country could be thrust forward. Such motivation is simply absent in the private sector.

There is another aspect; the government would not like to dispose off its profit-making units. After all it too needs industries which bring revenues which can be utilized for various purposes. It could not depend on the private sector out and out for all its revenue needs. There are other apprehensions too. The supremacy of the private sector could make the consumer a gullible guy who may be subjected to undue exploitations.

The introduction of private economy, fortunately, has shown that the ultimate beneficiary is the consumer, as we can see that the rates in the telecommunication sector are going down by the day, and the public sector units have to compete against the private sector keeping in with the market requirements. It has helped improve the callous attitude of the public sector units to a large extent.

As of now, the private sector units have made their presence felt in every field to the benefit of the nation, though there are many fields which continue to be regulated by the government. The performance of the private sector is expected to lead India to progress and development.  
Essay on Tourism Potential in India

Essay on Tourism Potential in India

Essay on Tourism Potential in India

Vastness and diversity of India with rich ancient heritage makes India a preferred destination for the tourists of the world. It is a place where every tourist can hope to find the type of place that he might like to visit. It truly represents unity in diversity not only in people, religions and languages, but also in culture, climatic conditions, historical places flora and fauna, and much more. Here lies the rich treasure of historical buildings spread from one end of India to another. Many religions have prospered and developed here giving the country a true secular image. Besides important Hindu and Muslims religious and historical buildings, there can also be found the great churches in Goa and Kerala, the seat of Buddha under the Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya, the Golden Temple in Amritsar, the Bahai Temple in Delhi, the temples of Parsis in Maharashtra, and many more such places of interest that a tourist would love to visit.

India is unique into natural beauty too. Right from the snow-capped mountains in the northwest and northeast to the green plains of north India to desert in west India to plateaus in the south and the long sea coast—all these present the scenic beauty like no other country in the world can boast of. The places where art and architecture are at display are many in the form of Ajanta and Ellora caves, the Konark and Khajuraho, the Elephanta Caves, the great temples of north and south India, and modern architecture in various Indian towns.

A tourist has the advantage of visiting places of diverse interest. He can seek to go trekking and water rafting, all at the same time. He can visit high snowy hills and dense forests. He can choose to go to look at the sea life in the coastal areas or the wildlife in various national parks and sanctuaries. Everything is available here for the asking, only the tourist has to decide which thing or things he desires to see.

Tourism is a large industry. It fetches the country as good as Rs. 15,000 crores in foreign exchange (next only to textile and information technology). It is despite the fact that hardly any attention is paid for the development of tourism as industry. The tourism infrastructure available in this country is hardly adequate to meet the tourist inflow at present which is less than half a percent of the tourist flow in the world. If we need to increase this inflow by even half a percent more, we will have to build more infrastructure so as to meet the expectations of the tourists. The tourists visiting here often complain of lack of infrastructure for accommodation and travel, though they seem to be quite satisfied with the variety of food available here. The next big problem that they complain about is the red-tapism in bureaucracy in clearing passports and visas and providing other facilities which are necessary for a tourist to enjoy himself. Besides, corruption too plays its part.

The tourism departments of the governments of India and states take steps to advertise about the prospect of tourism in this country. But they fail to notice that a person choosing to visit a place is first convinced by the word of mouth. We should be in position to satisfy the tourists presently visiting us so that they can spread the right message by the word of mouth, and only this strategy is going to win us more tourists.

The tourists should be able to avail of package tours for various destinations in least possible time with proper comfort and guidance economically. It would enable them to save on time, which will allow them to visit more places. In this regard we have to learn much from smaller countries like Singapore and Thailand which attract considerable tourist inflow.

At the same time we should be cautious that in a bid to attract more tourist inflow, we should not allow our environment and rich cultural heritage to be spoiled and defaced.
Essay on India And ASEAN For Students

Essay on India And ASEAN For Students

Essay on India And ASEAN For Students

ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) came into being to step up economic cooperation among the member countries. The number of its member countries was five at the time of its member countries was five at the time of its birth on 08 August 1967. The founding members of the association were Indonesia, Malaysia, Phillippines, Singapore and Thailand. It soon emerged as a successful organisation which could fulfil the aspirations of the member countries, and then more countries came to join it, namely Brunei Darussalam in 1984, Vietnam in 1995, Lacs and Myanmar in 1997 and Cambodia in 1999. This brought the total membership of the ASEAN to ten.

The combined population of the ASEAN countries is close to 900 millions. This region is one of the fastest growing regions in the world as on today. The combined gross national product (GNP) of the member nations has grown to a staggering US$312 billions and per capita income stands at $497. The average economic growth rate of the region during the previous decade was as high as 5.5 percent. Similar was the case with the world export which stood at 10.8 per cent. The foreign investment to the ASEAN countries too grew up to 40 percent.

The three main objectives for the member nations to come together on a common platform were:
  • To promote economic, social and cultural development of the region through cooperative programmes;
  • To safeguard the political and economic stability of the member countries against big power rivalry; and
  • To serve as a forum for the resolution of intra-regional differences.
The first summit meeting was held in Bali, Indonesia in February 1976. In it, the member countries signed the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in South-East Asia and the Declaration of ASEAN Concord. The stress of both the documents was to ensure regional peace and stability, and fostering economic and social growth. This opportunity was also availed to establish a small permanent secretariat in Jakarta to provide administrative and follow-up support to the member countries.

Ever since its inception, the ASEAN has gone on to include new aims, especially in the field of industrial and trade development, and has succeeded in its endeavour to a great extent. The making of Free Trade Area in the ASEAN nations has given an unprecedented boost to the economy of the region.

Besides the leaders of the member countries conducting summit meetings, informal annual meetings are also held in accordance with the resolution passed in its ASEAN Summit in Bangkok. The first such meeting was held in Jakarta in December 1996.

As far as India is concerned, it could not ignore an economic giant in its neighbourhood. Efforts were made during the prime-ministership of PV Narsimha Rao with the policy of ‘Lok to the East’. The real impetus to the effort was provided by Atal Behari Vajpayee. India was the first country to too be admitted in 1992 as a sectoral partner in the areas of trade and investment. It became a full dialogue partner in 1996 with the right to participate in the foreign minister’s conference. India has played even a bigger role in the Association. India and the ASEAN have agreed to develop concerted programmes of cooperation combating terrorism and to work towards creating a Free Trade Area. The reason for including terrorism in its agenda was basically due to the terrorist threat prevailing in the world as on today, besides the dreaded terrorist strike in Bali. India has also proposed to observe greater tariff concessions to its less developed member countries. With this a new chapter of India’s cooperation with the Southeast Asian nations is being written which will bring rich dividends.

Thursday, 18 April 2019

Paragraph on Awareness About Environment

Paragraph on Awareness About Environment

Paragraph on Awareness About Environment

Environment is the sum total of all animate and inanimate objects that mutually interact and contribute to the growth and expansion of life. We all owe our existence to the-environment in every sense. Our responsibility is to keep the environment balanced and maintain its rhythm. However, what we do is just the reverse. Rapid industrialization, vicious atomic explosions and aggressive deforestation to meet different human needs results in the decline of forest zones in the world. All these activities adversely affect our lives directly and indirectly. Hence comes the need for awareness about a healthy environment. Both the government and people must come forward and make concerted effort for the betterment of the environment. Some concrete measures must be taken at once. These include our attention to the reduction to pollution levels, preservation of forests and wildlife, and plantation of trees. Pollution must be checked in all possible ways. The media can play an important role in arousing mass awareness about the need of the hour. We are already  late, and any further delay will put in jeopardy our very own existence. 

Tuesday, 16 April 2019

Essay on Protection of Birds

Essay on Protection of Birds

Essay on Protection of Birds

Within the past few years, interest in all aspects of our environment has increased in proportion to the damage we are doing to it. Birds form not only an attractive but an essential part of the environment. Yet the protection afforded to them is patchy, at best. Taking Europe as an example and France in particular, there is a custom in that country to shoot as many as possible of the small song-birds as they return north from their migration to Africa. They are considered a delicacy.

Of course the shooting of birds in Britain for sport as well as for food has been a tradition for centuries, but the shooting is restricted to game birds, grouse, pheasants, partridges and wild duck. Except for the wild duck, these species are hand-reared and fed by gamekeepers, the numbers shot are limited, and the shooting-season, which begins on 12th August, ends well before the breeding season begins. Thus, the game species are well preserved.

For many years steps have been taken to maintain, if not increase numbers of all types of birds. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds keeps a careful watch on preservation, and has instigated laws against the theft of eggs, which are rigorously implemented. Many sanctuaries for water-birds as well as songbirds have been established up and down the length of Britain. The public in general has been educated to place a high value on the bird-life of their country.

for reasons other than shooting and theft, various species seem to dwindle away to the point of extinction, causing widespread concern. For many decades, habitats have been systematically destroyed by the clearance of woods and hedges to provide the large fields needed for modern agriculture. Secondly, certain chemicals used to keep crops free from pests also destroyed the food on which many birds survived. Today, the problem is realized, and attention is given both to habitat and food, with the result that many species have been saved. Some chemicals, which also poisoned the birds themselves, have been banned. Wide strips between fields are left in their natural state to provide cover and nesting facilities. Many woods and coppices have been replanted with the traditional varieties of trees instead of the cash-crop conifers. Sea and marsh birds have been encouraged to return by exerting some control over land reclamation. In many countries, the protection of birds is being given a high priority.

Birds are appreciated for their beauty and their song. However, neither faculty exists merely to please the human race. The colored plumage of many male birds has the function of impressing females prior to the mating season. Birdsong may have the same purpose at that time, though some of it seems to be simply the expression of joie de vivre and perhaps a means of staking out territory. The writer visited Belsen concentration camp shortly after its liberation. There was an eerie silence about the place. During and for some time after the holocaust, no bird came near the camp. So there may indeed be an emotional as well as a practical aspect to birdsong. Another practical function is to warn against predators and if possible scare them off.

Birds play an essential part in the cycle of nature. They may and do raid crops, but they also eat grubs and insects which do far more damage. They also have a role as scavengers; that work is completed by the insects, which in turn fall prey to the birds.

A few species, the ratital, have become flightless through natural selection. These are the emu, the ostrich, the rhea, the kiwi and the cassowary. The vast majority, the carinatal, are wonderfully adapted to flight, some being capable of spending most of their two to three-year lifespan on the wing. The muscular power of their wings relative to body-weight, and the aerodynamic efficiency of their wingspans and feather distribution, developed over millions of years, is one of nature’s marvels. That is why the loss of so many land-birds through insensitive agricultural development, and of sea-birds through oil-spills, is such a tragedy.

Another class of birds under threat and forming an essential part of the natural cycle is the predator; owls, hawks, eagles etc. These control small rodent pests and act as scavengers. Some also provide the sport of falconry, being to some extent amenable to human control.

Perhaps the most wonderful feature of the bird is its ability to navigate so accurately in migrating. Its high body temperature and stamina can be built up to sustain amazingly long journeys, but the way in which the Arctic tern, for example, can fly direct from pole to pole, selecting just one small island stop en route, is not fully understood. Theories are manifold, but since fledglings with no experience perform this miracle, much still remains to be learnt.
Essay on children's safety for Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Essay on children's safety for Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Essay on children's safety for Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

News headlines about heinous criminal acts against children such as kidnapping, abuse, assault, murder and rape are more than just disturbing. They are shocking. It is right that we condemn these despicable acts. While our hearts go out to the aggrieved parents who may never see their children again, we must realize that we live in a time and age where it is no longer safe for children to roam about freely. Protecting children from harm and violence is not just the duty of parents and the authorities concerned. Society has to play its part as well.

For starters, action needs to begin with parents and the family. Parents must be vigilant and know the whereabouts of their children all the time. They need to watch out for their children especially when they are outside, be it in the playground or while shopping. Moreover, they need to chaperone their children constantly, even if the distance traveled is short. Leaving a child unsupervised and assuming that a child will ultimately return home safely is unwise. Parents should set boundaries about places that children may go, people they may see and things they may do. Children should also be taught to say ‘no’ to strangers offering lifts and gifts.

The authorities, including the police, can ensure better protection for children by implementing several measures, for example increasing patrols in high-risk areas such as shopping malls and playgrounds. They can also carryout awareness campaigns on child safety. Installing CCTVs in areas frequented by children will also go a long way towards ensuring child safety.

Schools should place special emphasis on child safety education. As young children are the most vulnerable, child safety education should start in primary schools so that children can learn how to be safe from strangers. Children should also be taught to trust their instincts and seek help whenever they feel threatened. 

It is a harsh but true fact that the world is no longer a safe place for innocent children as sexual predators lurk in every nook and cranny. A safe environment for children to live and grow can only be realized when all parties, including parents, schools, communities and the authorities work together.
Describe on Eye witness account of an Accident Essay

Describe on Eye witness account of an Accident Essay

Describe on Eye witness account of an Accident Essay

It was a very cold morning as it had been raining very heavily the previous night. As my mother was feeling a little under the weather, my sister volunteered to drive me to school. I had overslept and as a result, was running a bit late for school. We got into the car hurriedly. The road was already congested with traffic. It appeared that everyone was late as well.

My sister was a careful driver and despite the fact I was already late, she refused to drive fast on the slippery road. I was lucky she was such a resolute and careful person because a few hundred meters away from the school, we witnessed a tragic accident. it all happened very quickly, as most accidents do. A car full of school children had made a left turning without signaling and as a result a school bus crashed into it. A few cars behind the school bus rammed into the bus as they could not brake in time and soon it became a pile up. The already congested road became jammed with vehicles that came to a crawl. I told my sister that I wanted to help the victims and she nodded silently. She brought the car to a halt not too far from the accident spot.

The scene that greeted us was something I would never forget. It left an indelible imprint in my mind to date. The impact of the accident had plunged three school children out of the car. The driver, a lady, lay lifeless on the steering wheel. I rushed to the children who were preschoolers. Two of them were seriously hurt and bleeding profusely from the head and hands. they were conscious although too weak to realize what had happened. One of them had her left hand severed and appeared unconscious. I think she was killed on the spot. In the meantime passers-by had called the ambulance and while waiting we tried as best as possible to help the victims.

The passengers in the school bus too were injured. I dashed into the bus and saw the driver laid slumped on the wheels. He had severe injuries on the head. While my sister helped him down from the bus, I told the injured school children to stay calm. Most of them appeared to suffer from minor cuts and bruises on their arms and bodies. it was really fortunate that nobody was badly hurt. By then a few adults had entered the bus and together we instructed the children to come out of the bus slowly. The children were crying and screaming for their parents and we had to hug them to keep them quiet.

Meanwhile, two ambulances had arrived. A traffic police car was there too. Two policemen were taking down statements from eye-witnesses. The injured and the dead were whisked away to the hospital. My sister and I later gave an account to the police of what had happened.

I was late for school. In fact, many drives were also late for their work. I informed my teacher of the accident and both felt that it could have been prevented if the drivers had been more careful. Innocent lives would not have been lost otherwise. 

Monday, 15 April 2019

Paragraph on Visit to a book fair for class 5, 6, 7, 8

Paragraph on Visit to a book fair for class 5, 6, 7, 8


Paragraph on Visit to a book fair for class 5, 6, 7, 8

Many fairs are held with specific purpose in mind. They provide variety and entertainment and lessen the monotony of routine life. A book fair is the best occasion as it couples entertainment with learning. In my town, a book fair is usually held in winter months. Last year I visited the book fair with my friend, Sagar. The fair was held in the large playground of an Inter College. It was a grand feast of books. The rows of stalls were erected with sufficient space to walk between them. The stalls were tastefully decorated. There were many people in the ground, but the atmosphere was calm and quiet. I breathed in an air of learning. The soft and sweet strains of music filled the air. A lot of people were found crowding their favourite skills. Men, women and children were busy buying books of their choice. The stalls with their amazing architectural designs and a variety of their publications invited the book-lovers. I moved from stall to stall and bought some books. I also enjoyed a talk-show by some authors of literature. As evening approached, I returned home with the sweet memories of the book fair.
Short Paragraph on Global Warming

Short Paragraph on Global Warming

Short Paragraph on Global Warming

Man’s interference in nature has resulted in a number of problems; global warming is one of them. Global warming means the gradual warming of the earth’s surface owing to greenhouse effect. It poses a serious threat to environmental sustainability. The immediate cause of global warming is the thinning of the ozone layer over the atmosphere that limits the greenhouse emissions and keeps the earth cool and congenial. The root of the problem lies in large-scale pollution. Now, global warming adversely affects our environment. We are already receiving danger signals. The glaciers in the Himalayas are melting at a faster pace. Since 1993, the world’s oceans have been rising 0.2 cm per decade. Topographical changes, irregular monsoons, sudden floods, droughts earthquakes, tsunamis are the outcome of global warming. Global warming is a global problem. All nations should fight it together. Our motto must be to ‘maintain a sustainable world’. And this can be done only when we learn to live in harmony with nature.
Paragraph on Man and Nature

Paragraph on Man and Nature

Paragraph on Man and Nature

Man can survive only in the lap of nature. “Nature never did betray the heart that loved her”, says William Wordsworth. The benign and soothing influence of nature on human life is unquestionable. We owe our very existence to nature. She feeds and nourishes us. She nurses and protects us. She is indeed, our never failing mother and friend. Naturally man should take care of her. He must endeavour to conserve her. However, the reality tells us a sorry tale. Nature suffers a serious setback at the hands of man. Forests are on the wane. The level of pollution due to rapid and aggressive industrialization and congestion is increasing alarmingly. Atomic tests and explosions vitiate the climate. As a result, ecological balance is badly affected. And with this comes the question of extinction of different species of plants and animals. This results in the loss of bio-diversity of nature. Let us pause and ponder over the danger looming large. Let us act sensibly in our own interest.

Sunday, 14 April 2019

Paragraph on Summer Vacation

Paragraph on Summer Vacation

Paragraph on Summer Vacation

Summer vacation (also called summer holiday or summer break) is a school holiday in summer between school years and the break in the school academic year. Students and teaching staff are typically off between eight and nine weeks, depending on the country and district. A fairly long summer vacations await me after the examinations next month. I eagerly look forward to it. I have my plans and programs for the ensuing summer vacations. There will be no taxing syllabus, nor any examination phobia. I shall utilize this opportunity to do what can help the society and myself. So I have decided to spend some time teaching the illiterate people in the slums to give a helping hand to their development. To do something positive for my society is my duty. Besides, this will give me a chance to know the people and their problems. And as I want to become a journalist in the future, the experiences earned during my interaction with people will stand me in good stead. Besides, Father had promised me for an outing to Darjeeling in the next month. If it realizes, the summer vacation will be something which I shall remember for a long time to come. 

Paragraph on Discretion is better part of valour

Paragraph on Discretion is better part of valour


Paragraph on Discretion is better part of valour

Discretion is better part of valour is a proverb which means Caution is preferable to rash bravery. Valour means boldness to face dangers while Discretion is a quality whereby men choose between appropriate and inappropriate in behavior, speech or conduct on every occasion. The idea is to avoid embarrassment or distress to others. Going and standing before a wild lion is not bravery. It is foolishness. It is always better to be a wise coward that a brave fool. This quality should be the hallmark of mature persons. Unless you develop a good degree of inner balance and courage, the quality of discretion could be difficult to practice. The proverb conveys the idea that your inner conviction and composure are more basic than any outer expression of valor.
Paragraph on Time is gold

Paragraph on Time is gold

Paragraph on Time is gold

Time is gold is a proverb which means time is as important and precious as gold. Money and health once lost can be recovered to a great extent if not fully; however time once lost cannot be recovered under any circumstances. Man is endowed with a limited time in his lifetime. He is the architect of his own future. If he makes a proper division of his time and does his duty accordingly, he is sure to improve and prosper in life. But if he chooses to turn his back upon, he is bound to repent at leisure. Time brings opportunities, and the passing time makes them slip out. When the opportune time has passed, man can do nothing but cry over its loss, once again wasting the precious time at his disposal. After all, our life is a sum total of hours and minutes, and wasting it is like committing culpable homicide. Youth is the prime time of one’s life; it is the morning of one’s life. If it is wasted, it is equal to wasting the morning hours after which the whole day turns into a dull time. If time of youth is wasted, its consequences can be easily imagined. It is the time when one’s personality is moulded, so only Carlyle termed this period as the seedtime of life. We enjoy the fruits of youth later in life, so we should carefully make optimum use of it.

Short Paragraph on Procrastination

Short Paragraph on Procrastination

Short Paragraph on Procrastination

Procrastination means the action of delaying or postponing something.The gravest mistake we commit in our life is to Procrastinate things. Being in negative bend of mind allows us to get our precious time lost, and this time is lost doing nothing. If we want to succeed in life, we must capture this culprit. Procrastination breeds into a habit over a period of time. It develops into such a state of mind when a thing can no more be done. When a student thinks of postponing preparation for her forthcoming examinations thinking that she would be able to do it on the marrow, she has entered a vicious cycle, because the morrow never comes. What comes is one fine morning when she has to proceed to the examination hall fully unprepared. This time is hardly sufficient for anything else but repent at rest. Even if she tries to devote some time towards preparation for the examination, it is but woefully short. This happens on various other fronts in our life. Let us not allow this habit to ruin our life. Do things when it is the most opportune time to do them.

Saturday, 13 April 2019

Short Paragraph on My Favourite Teacher

Short Paragraph on My Favourite Teacher

Short Paragraph on My Favourite Teacher

During my student life, I have come into close contact with many teachers. They have taught me with loving care. But my favourite teacher remains Mrs. Mukta Jain. She is My favourite teacher because she has An Engaging Personality, Effective Discipline Skill and knowledge of Subject Matter. She is the Principal of my school. As I can think, she is born teacher. She possesses a commanding personality. She has sterling qualities of head and heart. I have never felt bored up in her class. Her way of teaching is highly interesting. She boosts up the confidence of all students in the class. She is never a pedantic. She feels for every student. She stands by them in their trouble. All students and teachers of our school respect her. She is morally pure and perfect. Once I fell ill. She came to my house to see me and there she prayed for my recovery. Such a gesture in the days of moral decay can hardly by expected. All this explains why I admire and adore her. I promise to mould myself according to her high ideals. Personally I am grateful to her.
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Short Paragraph on An Ideal Teacher